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German Aerospace Center’s advanced robotic technologyfor future lunar scientificmissions

Wedler, Armin and Schuster, Martin J. and Müller, Marcus G. and Vodermayer, Bernhard and Meyer, Lukas and Giubilato, Riccardo and Vayugundla, Mallikarjuna and Smisek, Michal and Dömel, Andreas and Steidle, Florian and Lehner, Peter and Schröder, Susanne and Staudinger, Emanuel and Foing, Bernard and Reill, Josef (2020) German Aerospace Center’s advanced robotic technologyfor future lunar scientificmissions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 379 (2188). Royal Society Publishing. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2019.0574. ISBN Print ISSN:1364-503X, Online ISSN:1471-2962. ISSN 1364-503X.

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Official URL: https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsta.2019.0574

Abstract

he Earth's moon is currently an object of interest of many space agencies for unmanned robotic missions within this decade. Besides future prospects for building lunar gateways as support to human space flight, the Moon is an attractive location for scientific purposes. Not only will its study give insight on the foundations of the Solar System but also its location, uncontaminated by the Earth's ionosphere, represents a vantage point for the observation of the Sun and planetary bodies outside the Solar System. Lunar exploration has been traditionally conducted by means of single-agent robotic assets, which is a limiting factor for the return of scientific missions. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) is developing fundamental technologies towards increased autonomy of robotic explorers to fulfil more complex mission tasks through cooperation. This paper presents an overview of past, present and future activities of DLR towards highly autonomous systems for scientific missions targeting the Moon and other planetary bodies. The heritage from the Mobile Asteroid Scout (MASCOT), developed jointly by DLR and CNES and deployed on asteroid Ryugu on 3 October 2018 from JAXA's Hayabusa2 spacecraft, inspired the development of novel core technologies towards higher efficiency in planetary exploration. Together with the lessons learnt from the ROBEX project (2012–2017), where a mobile robot autonomously deployed seismic sensors at a Moon analogue site, this experience is shaping the future steps towards more complex space missions. They include the development of a mobile rover for JAXA's Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) in 2024 as well as demonstrations of novel multi-robot technologies at a Moon analogue site on the volcano Mt Etna in the ARCHES project. Within ARCHES, a demonstration mission is planned from the 14 June to 10 July 2021,1 during which heterogeneous teams of robots will autonomously conduct geological and mineralogical analysis experiments and deploy an array of low-frequency antennas to measure Jovian and solar bursts. This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Astronomy from the Moon: the next decades'.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/139189/
Document Type:Article
Title:German Aerospace Center’s advanced robotic technologyfor future lunar scientificmissions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wedler, ArminArmin.Wedler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8641-0163
Schuster, Martin J.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6983-3719
Müller, Marcus G.marcus.mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Vodermayer, BernhardBernhard.Vodermayer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Meyer, Lukaslukas.meyer (at) tum.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9514-8494
Giubilato, RiccardoRiccardo.Giubilato (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3161-3171
Vayugundla, MallikarjunaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9277-0461
Smisek, MichalUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dömel, Andreasandreas.doemel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3694-5201
Steidle, Florianflorian.steidle (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lehner, PeterPeter.Lehner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, Susannesusanne.schroeder (at) .dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9601-2887
Staudinger, EmanuelEmanuel.Staudinger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9601-2887
Foing, BernardEuropean Space Agency, ESTEC, Research and Scientific Support Department, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Reill, JosefJosef.Reill (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4092-063X
Date:23 November 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:379
DOI :10.1098/rsta.2019.0574
Publisher:Royal Society Publishing
Series Name:Discussion meeting issue ‘Astronomy from the Moon: the next decades’ organised and edited by Ian Crawford, Martin Elvis, Joseph Silk and John Zarnecki
ISSN:1364-503X
ISBN:Print ISSN:1364-503X, Online ISSN:1471-2962
Status:Published
Keywords:robotics, planetary exploration, ARCHESdemonstration mission, Martian MoonseXploration (MMX), Mobile Asteroid Scout(MASCOT)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MOREX [SY], R - Robotic Science Explorer, R - Projekt Mascot (Rob.)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Perception and Cognition
Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Mechatronic Systems
Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Real-Time Data Processing
Deposited By: Wedler, Armin
Deposited On:04 Dec 2020 16:19
Last Modified:04 Dec 2020 16:19

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