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Performance, situation awareness, and visual scanning of pilots receiving onboard taxi navigation support during simulated airport surface operation

Lorenz, Bernd and Biella, Marcus and Teegen, Uwe and Stelling, Dirk and Wenzel, Jürgen and Jakobi, Jörn and Ludwig, Thomas and Korn, Bernd (2006) Performance, situation awareness, and visual scanning of pilots receiving onboard taxi navigation support during simulated airport surface operation. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety. Taylor & Francis. ISSN 1468-9456

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (A-SMGCS) comprise a range of new technologies for both the flight deck and ground air traffic control and are supposed to enable increased safety and efficiency at presently highly congested major airports. The study evaluates an A-SMGCS flight deck human-machine interface (HMI) integrating controller pilot data link communication (CPDLC) messages, the display of surrounding traffic over an electronic airport surface map. Evaluation is done on the basis of subjective situation awareness rating, pilot taxi navigation performance and eye movement analysis. The study involved 49 commercial pilots who performed a series of high-fidelity landing-and-taxiing simulation trials under varied visibility and traffic scenarios. The HMI significantly increased subjective situation awareness and reduced the number of taxi navigation errors and unforced stops particularly in low visibility. Increased head-down times to the compelling HMI were found, however, detection of unexpected obstacles in the outside scene was not deteriorated as compared to conventional surface navigation support by airport paper charts.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/46452/
Document Type:Article
Title:Performance, situation awareness, and visual scanning of pilots receiving onboard taxi navigation support during simulated airport surface operation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Lorenz, BerndUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Biella, MarcusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Teegen, UweUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stelling, DirkUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wenzel, JürgenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jakobi, JörnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ludwig, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Korn, BerndUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2006
Journal or Publication Title:Human Factors and Aerospace Safety
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1468-9456
Status:Published
Keywords:A-SMGCS, airport surface navigation, high-fidelity simulation, pilot performance, eye-tracking analysis, situation awareness, validation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Flight Physiology
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Institute of Flight Control
Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Lorenz, Dr.phil. Bernd
Deposited On:08 Jan 2007
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:30

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