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Assessment of Air Taxi Passenger Acceptance – Implementation and Initial Evaluation of a Mixed Reality Simulator

Laudien, Tim and Papenfuß, Anne and Ernst, Johannes Maria and Stolz, Maria and Schuchardt, Bianca Isabella and End, Albert (2022) Assessment of Air Taxi Passenger Acceptance – Implementation and Initial Evaluation of a Mixed Reality Simulator. In: 2nd Urban Air Mobility Symposium. 2nd Urban Air Mobility Symposium, 2022-12-01 - 2022-12-02, Braunschweig, Deutschland.

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Urban air mobility paves new ways for public transport modalities like air taxis. To shape the operational concepts and the design of these air taxis, the acceptance and requirements of future passengers should be considered even in early stages of the development process. Within the HorizonUAM project, it is of interest to understand the effects of social presence, e.g. through on-board service personnel, on perceived comfort. These results help to develop concepts, how fully or mainly autonomous operations can be achieved that are accepted by users. As part of HorizonUAM, an air taxi simulator was implemented to assess the aforementioned passenger acceptance with regard to defined key criteria like presence of on-board personnel or amount of presented information. To create an experience that is as close to a real air taxi flight as possible, recent advancements in head-mounted display technology facilitated the creation of a mixed reality simulation. Mixed reality combines advantages of full-flight simulators like human collaboration and use of analog instruments with those of virtual reality simulators that are cost-effective, highly immersive devices for rapid prototyping. This paper reports on the work conducted to define and design such a mixed reality simulation to investigate factors of passenger acceptance. First, functional requirements that were defined for a first study of passenger interaction and comfort are presented, as well as the technical requirements that were derived. Additionally, mixed reality technology should be used for the novel simulator to enable high flexibility. Second, as numerable different setups of mixed reality were possible with state-of-the-art technology, four different setups were compared in a pre-study against each other. The empirical results with regards to experienced immersion are presented. Finally, the conclusion from this study regarding the final setup for the mixed reality simulation are presented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/190421/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Assessment of Air Taxi Passenger Acceptance – Implementation and Initial Evaluation of a Mixed Reality Simulator
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Laudien, TimUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0009-0005-9178-115XUNSPECIFIED
Papenfuß, AnneUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0686-7006UNSPECIFIED
Ernst, Johannes MariaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8238-3671UNSPECIFIED
Stolz, MariaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9669-1920UNSPECIFIED
Schuchardt, Bianca IsabellaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1251-3594UNSPECIFIED
End, AlbertUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9837-9762UNSPECIFIED
Date:1 December 2022
Journal or Publication Title:2nd Urban Air Mobility Symposium
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Acceptance, Air Taxi, Mixed Reality, Human-in-the-Loop Simulation
Event Title:2nd Urban Air Mobility Symposium
Event Location:Braunschweig, Deutschland
Event Type:national Conference
Event Start Date:1 December 2022
Event End Date:2 December 2022
Organizer:Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AI - Air Transportation and Impact
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Integrated Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig , Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance
Institute of Aerospace Medicine
Institute of Flight Guidance > Pilot Assistance
Institute of Flight Guidance > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Laudien, Tim
Deposited On:19 Dec 2022 10:59
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:51

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