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Planetary Defense Ground Zero: MASCOT's View on the Rocks - an Update between First Images and Sample Return

Ho, Tra-Mi and Jaumann, Ralf and Bibring, J.-P. and Grott, Matthias and Glaßmeier, K.H. (4) and Moussi-Soffys, A. and Krause, Christian and Auster, Hans-Ulrich and Baturkin, Volodymyr and Biele, Jens and Cordero, Federico and Cozzoni, Barbara and Dudal, Clement and Fantinati, C. and Grimm, Christian and Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Hamm, Maximilian and Hendrikse, Jeffrey and Hercik, David and Kayal, Kagan and Knollenberg, Jörg and Küchemann, Oliver and Lange, Caroline and Lange, Michael and Lorda, Laurence and Maibaum, Michael and Mimasu, Yuya and Cenac-Morthe, Céline and Okada, T. and Otto, Katharina A. and Pilorget, C. and Reill, Josef and Saiki, Takanao and Sasaki, Kaname and Schlotterer, Markus and Schmitz, Nicole and Schröder, Stefan and Termtanasombat, Nawarat and Toth, Norbert and Tsuda, Y. and Ulamec, S. and Wolff, Friederike and Yoshimitsu, T. and Ziach, Christian and the MASCOT team, the MASCOT team (2021) Planetary Defense Ground Zero: MASCOT's View on the Rocks - an Update between First Images and Sample Return. iaaspace.org. 7th IAA Planetary Defense Conference – PDC 2021, 26.-30.04.2021, Wien, Österreich (virtuell).

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Official URL: https://iaaspace.org/event/7th-iaa-planetary-defense-conference-2021/

Abstract

At 01:57:20 UTC on October 3rd, 2018, after 3½ years of cruise aboard the JAXA spacecraft HAYABUSA2 and about 3 months in the vicinity of its target, the MASCOT lander was separated successfully by from an altitude of 41 m. After a free-fall of only ~5m51s MASCOT made first contact with C-type near-Earth and potentially hazardous asteroid (162173) Ryugu, by hitting a big boulder. MASCOT then bounced for ~11m3s, in the process already gathering valuable information on mechanical properties of the surface before it came to rest. It was able to perform science measurements at 3 different locations on the surface of Ryugu and took many images of its spectacular pitch-black landscape. MASCOT’s payload suite was designed to investigate the fine-scale structure, multispectral reflectance, thermal characteristics and magnetic properties of the surface. Somewhat unexpectedly, MASCOT encountered very rugged terrain littered with large surface boulders. Observing in-situ, it confirmed the absence of fine particles and dust as already implied by the remote sensing instruments aboard the HAYABUSA2 spacecraft. After some 17h of operations, MASCOT‘s mission ended with the last communication contact as it followed Ryugu’s rotation beyond the horizon as seen from HAYABUSA2. Soon after, its primary battery was depleted. We present a broad overview of the recent scientific results of the MASCOT mission from separation through descent, landing and in-situ investigations on Ryugu until the end of its operation and relate them to the needs of planetary defense interactions with asteroids. We also recall the agile, responsive and sometimes serendipitous creation of MASCOT, the two-year rush of building and delivering it to JAXA’s HAYABUSA2 spacecraft in time for launch, and the four years of in-flight operations and on-ground testing to make the most of the brief on-surface mission.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/142216/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Poster)
Title:Planetary Defense Ground Zero: MASCOT's View on the Rocks - an Update between First Images and Sample Return
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Ho, Tra-MiTra-Mi.Ho (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, Ralfralf.jaumann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9759-6597
Bibring, J.-P.Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS Université Paris- Sud, Orsay, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Grott, MatthiasMatthias.Grott (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8613-7096
Glaßmeier, K.H. (4)kh.glassmeier (at) tu-bs.deUNSPECIFIED
Moussi-Soffys, A.CNES ToulouseUNSPECIFIED
Krause, ChristianChristian.Krause (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Auster, Hans-Ulrichuli.auster (at) tu-bs.deUNSPECIFIED
Baturkin, VolodymyrVolodymyr.Baturkin (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Biele, Jensjens.biele (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7414-829X
Cordero, Federicofederico.cordero (at) telespazio-vega.deUNSPECIFIED
Cozzoni, BarbaraDLR-Köln, barbara.cozzoni (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dudal, ClementCNES, ToulouseUNSPECIFIED
Fantinati, C.DLR-Köln, cinzia.fantinati (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Grimm, Christianchristian.grimm (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4490-7424
Grundmann, Jan ThimoDLR Bremen, jan.grundmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Hamm, Maximilianmaximilian.hamm (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hendrikse, Jeffreyjeffrey.hendrikse (at) airbus.comUNSPECIFIED
Hercik, Davidd.hercik (at) tu-braunschweig.deUNSPECIFIED
Kayal, KaganDLR-Köln, kagan.kayal (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Knollenberg, JörgJoerg.Knollenberg (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Küchemann, OliverOliver.Kuechemann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lange, CarolineCaroline.Lange (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1709-3667
Lange, MichaelM.Lange (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0095-3605
Lorda, LaurenceCNES, ToulouseUNSPECIFIED
Maibaum, MichaelDLR-Köln, michael.maibaum (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mimasu, YuyaJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Sagamihara, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Cenac-Morthe, CélineCNES celine.cenac-morthe (at) cnes.frUNSPECIFIED
Okada, T.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Otto, Katharina A.Katharina.Otto (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0675-1177
Pilorget, C.Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS/Université Paris Sud, Orsay, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Reill, JosefJosef.Reill (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4092-063X
Saiki, Takanaoisas/jaxa japanUNSPECIFIED
Sasaki, KanameKaname.Sasaki (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0365-4539
Schlotterer, MarkusMarkus.Schlotterer (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6565-3622
Schmitz, NicoleNicole.Schmitz (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6481-6189
Schröder, StefanStefanus.Schroeder (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0323-8324
Termtanasombat, NawaratNawarat.Termtanasombat (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Toth, NorbertNorbert.Toth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Tsuda, Y.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Ulamec, S.stephan.ulamec (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8856-4622
Wolff, FriederikeFriederike.Wolff (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Yoshimitsu, T.JAXA/JSPEC, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Ziach, ChristianC.Ziach (at) htgf.deUNSPECIFIED
the MASCOT team, the MASCOT teamTra-Mi.Ho (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:26 April 2021
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Ailor, William HThe Aerospace CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Barbee, BrentNASA/Goddard Space Flight Center & The University of MarylandUNSPECIFIED
Drolshagen, GerhardUniversity Oldenburg, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Karl, AlexIAF TC on NEOsUNSPECIFIED
Melamed, NahumThe Aerospace CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Brozovic, MarinaJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:iaaspace.org
Status:Published
Keywords:asteroid surface properties, planetary defense, MASCOT, (162173) Ryugu, HAYABUSA2
Event Title:7th IAA Planetary Defense Conference – PDC 2021
Event Location:Wien, Österreich (virtuell)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26.-30.04.2021
Organizer:IAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Mascot (Bus), R - Projekt Mascot (Rob.), R - Project MASCOT - Science
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systems Engineering and Project Office
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Institute of Space Systems > Mechanic and Thermal Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Mechatronic Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Avionics Systems
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Sensor Systems
Deposited By: Grundmann, Jan Thimo
Deposited On:11 May 2021 08:35
Last Modified:11 May 2021 08:35

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