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Potential to reduce the climate impact of aviation by climate restricted airspaces

Niklaß, Malte and Lührs, Benjamin and Grewe, Volker and Dahlmann, Katrin and Luchkova, Tanja and Linke, Florian and Gollnick, Volker (2017) Potential to reduce the climate impact of aviation by climate restricted airspaces. Transport Policy (83), pp. 102-110. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.12.010. ISSN 0967-070X.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.12.010


Impacts of commercial aircraft operation upon the environment, which are caused primarily from emissions of CO2, NOx and the formation of contrails, are matter of growing concern, as aviation is one of the fastest developing industrial sectors worldwide and the awareness of its effects is expanding. Recent research has focused on the cost-benefit potential of different mitigation strategies, which optimize flight trajectories with respect to climate and economy, but most of these mitigation strategies cannot be implemented in the near future due to technical challenges. The objective of this paper is to present an interim mitigation strategy, which bridges this time period. In analogy to military exclusion zones, climate restricted airspaces (CRA) are defined based on 3-D climate change functions, characterizing the environmental impact caused by an aircraft emission at a certain location. Regions with climate costs greater than a threshold value are closed in the corresponding month; others are cleared for air traffic. To estimate the cost-benefit potential of this strategy, a preliminary analysis is conducted on the route from Helsinki (EFHK) to Miami (KMIA). Affected flight trajectories are re-routed optimally around resulting CRA with regard to monetary costs for varying threshold values. Therefore, flight simulation algorithms are developed, which solve a non-linear optimal control problem. For each optimized flight trajectory corresponding average temperature response (ATR) and cash operating costs (COC) are expressed relative to a reference great circle trajectory with constant Mach number and compared with the climate mitigation potential of climate optimized trajectories.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/114134/
Document Type:Article
Title:Potential to reduce the climate impact of aviation by climate restricted airspaces
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Niklaß, MalteDLR, LYhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6760-8561UNSPECIFIED
Lührs, BenjaminTechn. Univ. HamburgUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grewe, VolkerDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8012-6783UNSPECIFIED
Dahlmann, KatrinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3198-1713UNSPECIFIED
Gollnick, VolkerDLR, LY und Techn. Univ. HamburgUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 February 2017
Journal or Publication Title:Transport Policy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 102-110
Keywords:Operations research; Systems design; Climate mitigation strategy; Air traffic regulation; Cost-benefit analysis; Trajectory optimization; Optimal control
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance (old), L - Climate, Weather and Environment (old)
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Air Transport Operations > System Analysis Air Transport
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Institute of Flight Guidance > Air traffic systems
Deposited By: Niklaß, Malte
Deposited On:25 Sep 2017 09:14
Last Modified:27 Nov 2019 18:41

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