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Estimates of the climate impact of future small-scale supersonic transport aircraft – results from the HISAC EU-project

Grewe, Volker and Plohr, Martin and Cerino, G. and Di Muzio, M. and Deremaux, Yann and Galerneau, M. and de Staint Martin, P. and Chaika, T and Hasselrot, A. and Tengzelius, Ulf and Korovkin, Vladimir D. (2010) Estimates of the climate impact of future small-scale supersonic transport aircraft – results from the HISAC EU-project. The Aeronautical Journal, 114 (1153), pp. 199-206. Cambridge University Press. ISSN 0001-9240

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Official URL: http://www.raes.org.uk/aero_journal.asp

Abstract

The climate impacts of three fleets of supersonic small-scale transport aircraft (S4TA) are simulated. Based on characteristic aircraft parameters, which were developed within the EU-project HISAC, emissions along geographically representative trajectories are calculated and in addition the resulting changes in the atmospheric composition (carbon dioxide, ozone layer, water vapour) and climate (near surface global mean temperature) are deduced. We assume a fleet development with an entry in service in 2015, a full fleet in 2050. The results show a temperature increase of 0·08mK (0·07-0·10mK) with only small but statistically significant variations between the configurations, leading to a minimum climate impact for a weight optimised and hence lower flying aircraft. A climate impact ratio of 3·0 ± 0·4 between a S4TA and its subsonic counterpart is calculated, which is considerable less than for previous supersonic fleets because of a lower flight altitude, leading to smaller water vapour impacts.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/82770/
Document Type:Article
Title:Estimates of the climate impact of future small-scale supersonic transport aircraft – results from the HISAC EU-project
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grewe, VolkerVolker.Grewe (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Plohr, MartinDLR, KölnUNSPECIFIED
Cerino, G.AleniaAeronautica, Naples, IUNSPECIFIED
Di Muzio, M.AleniaAeronautica, Naples, IUNSPECIFIED
Deremaux, YannDassault Aviation, Paris, FUNSPECIFIED
Galerneau, M.Dassault Aviation, Paris, FUNSPECIFIED
de Staint Martin, P.Dassault Aviation, Paris, FUNSPECIFIED
Chaika, TSukhoi Civil Aviation, Moscow, RUNSPECIFIED
Hasselrot, A.Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, SUNSPECIFIED
Tengzelius, UlfSwedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, SUNSPECIFIED
Korovkin, Vladimir D.Central Institute of Aviation Motors, Moscow, RUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2010
Journal or Publication Title:The Aeronautical Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:114
Page Range:pp. 199-206
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:0001-9240
Status:Published
Keywords:Supersonic transport, air traffic, climate impact, AirClim
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Low-Emission Air Traffic (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Institute of Propulsion Technology
Institute of Propulsion Technology > Engine
Deposited By: Grewe, Prof. Dr. Volker
Deposited On:17 Jun 2013 11:31
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:41

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