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The new European Satellite Navigation System Galileo as a kernel for a Railway Collision Avoidance System

Strang, Thomas and Meyer zu Hörste, Michael and Lemmer, Karsten (2006) The new European Satellite Navigation System Galileo as a kernel for a Railway Collision Avoidance System. In: Proceedings. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ortung und Navigation (DGON). International Symposium on Certification of GNSS Systems and Services (CERGAL 2006), 2006-04-04 - 2006-04-05, Braunschweig, Germany.

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The GALILEO programme is Europe’s initiative to develop a civil global navigation satellite system that provides highly accurate and reliable positioning, navigation and timing services. The satellite navigation system GALILEO will provide instantaneous positioning services at the metre level as a result of improved orbits, better clocks, dual frequency and enhanced navigation algorithms as well as integrity information. For safety of life applications, local elements can be integrated to provide more accurate positioning, communication and/or information services. For example, GALILEO Local Elements will be developed and adapted to meet specific requirements in rail transportation. This allows also for a modernization of automatic train control technology. This is advisable because of the still enormous amount of collisions between trains or other kinds of obstacles (construction vehicles, construction workers, pedestrians), even if comprehensive and complex technology is extensively deployed in the infrastructure which should help to avoid such collisions. Experiences from the aeronautical Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) as well as the maritime Automatic Identification System (AIS) have shown that the probability of collisions can be significantly reduced with collision avoidance support systems, which do hardly require infrastructure components. In this article, we introduce our “RCAS” approach consisting only of mobile ad-hoc components, i.e. without the necessity of extensions of the railway infrastructure. Each train determines its position, direction and speed using the satellite navigation system GALILEO and broadcasts this information, complemented with other important information such as dangerous goods classifications in the region of its current location. This information can be received and evaluated by other trains, which may – if a potential collision is detected – lead to traffic alerts and resolution advisories up to direct interventions (usually applying the brakes).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/43493/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:The new European Satellite Navigation System Galileo as a kernel for a Railway Collision Avoidance System
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:5 April 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ortung und Navigation (DGON)
Keywords:Galileo, Railway Collision Avoidance
Event Title:International Symposium on Certification of GNSS Systems and Services (CERGAL 2006)
Event Location:Braunschweig, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:4 April 2006
Event End Date:5 April 2006
Organizer:German Institute of Navigation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:V SM - Sicherung der Mobilität (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V SM - Sicherung der Mobilität
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Galileo-Verkehrsanwendungen (old)
Location: Braunschweig , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Institute of Transportation Systems > Rail Systems
Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Strang, Prof. Dr. Thomas
Deposited On:10 Apr 2006
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:04

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