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A nonlinear dynamics phase oscillator model for the simulation of multistable perception

Fürstenau, Norbert (2005) A nonlinear dynamics phase oscillator model for the simulation of multistable perception. In: Proceedings, 7th International Conference on Cognitive Modelling, pp. 106-111. Edizioni Goliardiche. ICCM 2006 (7th Int. Conf. Cognitive Modelling), 2006-04-05 - 2006-04-08, Triest (Italien). ISBN 88-7873-031-9

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Abstract

A nonlinear dynamics model of multistable perception and numerical simulations of the quasiperiodic perception reversals due to ambiguous stimuli are presented. The perception state is formalized as the phase variable (order parameter) of a recursive cosinuidal map with the two control parameters μ= difference of meaning and G ~ attention. The mapping function is closely related to the neuronal mean field phase oscillator theory of temporal binding. Mean field interference with delayed phase feedback with gain ∼ G, delay T, and damping time τ enables transitions between chaotic and limit cycle attractors representing the perception states. Quasiperiodic perceptual reversals are induced by attention satiation (fatigue) G(t) with time constant γ. The coupled attention – perception dynamics reproduces the experimentally observed Γ-distribution of the reversal time statistics if a stochastic noise term is added to the attention equation. Mean reversal times of typically 3 – 5 s as reported in the literature, are correctly predicted if T is associated with the delay of 40 ms between stimulus onset and primary visual cortex (V1) response. Numerically determined perceptual transition times of 3 – 5 T are in reasonable agreement with stimulus – conscious perception delay of 150 – 200 ms (Lamme 2003). Eigenfrequencies of the limit cycle oscillations are in the range of 10 – 100 Hz, in agreement with typical EEG frequencies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/22477/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Title:A nonlinear dynamics phase oscillator model for the simulation of multistable perception
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fürstenau, NorbertUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:13 December 2005
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings, 7th International Conference on Cognitive Modelling
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 106-111
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Fum, DaniloUNSPECIFIED
Del Misier, FabioUNSPECIFIED
Stocco, AndreaUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Edizioni Goliardiche
ISBN:88-7873-031-9
Status:Published
Keywords:perception, attention, multistability, cognitive modelling, simulation, nonlinear dynamics, phase oscillator, synergetics, limit cycle, deterministic chaos
Event Title:ICCM 2006 (7th Int. Conf. Cognitive Modelling)
Event Location:Triest (Italien)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-04-05 - 2006-04-08
Organizer:iccm2006 (Univ. Triest, Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburg, PA, USA)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Fürstenau, Dr.phil.nat. Norbert
Deposited On:10 Aug 2006
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:16

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