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Design and Field Test of a Mobile Augmented Reality Human-Machine Interface for Virtual Stops in Shared Automated Mobility On-demand

Hub, Fabian and Oehl, Michael (2022) Design and Field Test of a Mobile Augmented Reality Human-Machine Interface for Virtual Stops in Shared Automated Mobility On-demand. Electronics. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/electronics11172687. ISSN 2079-9292.

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Abstract

Shared automated mobility on-demand (SAMOD) is considered as promising mobility solution in the future. Users book trips on-demand via smartphone and service algorithms set up virtual stops (vStop) where users then need to walk to board the automated shuttle. Navigation and identification of the virtual pick-up location, which has no references in the real world, can be challenging. Providing users with an intuitive information system in that situation is essential to achieve high user acceptance of new automated mobility services. Our novel vStop human-machine-interface (HMI) prototype for mobile augmented reality (AR) supports users with information in reference to the street environment. This work firstly presents results of an online interview study (N = 21) to conceptualize an HMI. Secondly, the HMI was prototyped with means of AR and evaluated (N = 45) regarding user experience (UX), workload and acceptance. Results show that the AR-prototype provided high rates of UX especially in terms of high pragmatic quality. Furthermore, cognitive workload when using the HMI was low and acceptance ratings were high. Results show the positive perception of AR for navigation tasks in general and the highly assistive character of the vStop prototype in particular. In the future SAMOD services could provide customers with vStop HMIs to foster user acceptance and smooth operation of their service.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/187987/
Document Type:Article
Title:Design and Field Test of a Mobile Augmented Reality Human-Machine Interface for Virtual Stops in Shared Automated Mobility On-demand
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hub, FabianFabian.Hub (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1313-7300
Oehl, MichaelMichael.Oehl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0871-2286
Date:2022
Journal or Publication Title:Electronics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.3390/electronics11172687
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2079-9292
Status:Published
Keywords:Virtual Stop; Shared Automated Mobility On-demand; HMI; Augmented Reality; Field Test; User-centered Design
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - KoKoVI - Koordinierter kooperativer Verkehr mit verteilter, lernender Intelligenz
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Cooperative Systems, BA
Institute of Transportation Systems > Cooperative Systems, BS
Deposited By: Hub, Fabian
Deposited On:09 Sep 2022 15:08
Last Modified:24 Jan 2023 12:30

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