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Investigation and evaluation of a helicopter pilot assistance system for offshore missions in degraded visual environment

Martini, Tanja Carina and Mevenkamp, Phillipp and Peinecke, Niklas and Schmidt, Jürgen (2022) Investigation and evaluation of a helicopter pilot assistance system for offshore missions in degraded visual environment. In: Conference on Virtual, Augmented, and Mixed Reality (XR) Technology for Multi-Domain Operations III. SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing, Orlando, Florida, United States. doi: 10.1117/12.2618786. ISBN 978-1-5106-5127-2. ISSN 0277-786X.

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Abstract

Environmental factors and weather conditions pose numerous challenges to helicopter pilots and crew in offshore missions. Fog or the lack of visual cues over the sea, for example, can lead to disorientation and a lack of situational awareness. To increase safety and the operational capability of helicopters in offshore missions to wind farms, a pilot assistance system, providing offshore wind farm specific information in the head-up display, obstacle awareness, route planning and navigation support, has been investigated and evaluated. The head-up visual display consists of different sets of symbology for flight guidance, navigation and obstacle avoidance to increase situational awareness. Furthermore, a path planning algorithm ensures an obstacle-free flight path to a selected target which is displayed as tunnel-in-the-sky. Besides the head-up visual system, head-down display information is supplemented by infrared camera-based imagery embedded into a synthetic overlay (combined vision) by target information and traffic information from Automatic Dependence Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) and Automatic Identification System (AIS) signals. Additionally, a digital mission/navigation map which is complemented by specific offshore-relevant information for wind farms, is provided on a head-down display. To evaluate the pilot assistance system, two simulation campaigns (2019 and 2021) have been conducted in DLR’s Air Vehicle Simulator (AVES). Both piloted studies focused on workload impact and situational awareness as well as conclusions to further improve the system according to operational needs. In addition, a system demonstrator has been integrated into an Airbus H145 helicopter test platform supplementing system evaluation in a flight campaign. This paper will present an overview of the pilot assistance system and the results from the second piloted simulation campaign completed in September 2021, complemented by pilot feedback from the flight demonstration performed by Airbus.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/186906/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Investigation and evaluation of a helicopter pilot assistance system for offshore missions in degraded visual environment
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Martini, Tanja CarinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mevenkamp, PhillippUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Peinecke, NiklasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6683-2323UNSPECIFIED
Schmidt, JürgenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:31 May 2022
Journal or Publication Title:Conference on Virtual, Augmented, and Mixed Reality (XR) Technology for Multi-Domain Operations III
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:10.1117/12.2618786
ISSN:0277-786X
ISBN:978-1-5106-5127-2
Status:Published
Keywords:Helicopter Offshore Mission, Head-Worn Display, Virtual Cockpit Instrument, Combined Vision System, Infrared Simulation, Situational Awareness
Event Title:SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing
Event Location:Orlando, Florida, United States
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Efficient Vehicle
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L EV - Efficient Vehicle
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Virtual Rotorcraft and Validation
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems
Institute of Flight Guidance
Institute of Flight Systems > Rotorcraft
Institute of Flight Guidance > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Martini, Tanja Carina
Deposited On:08 Nov 2022 08:29
Last Modified:01 Dec 2022 10:29

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