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Experimental Evaluation of Tactile Sensors for Compliant Robotic Hands

Friedl, Werner and Roa Garzon, Máximo Alejandro (2021) Experimental Evaluation of Tactile Sensors for Compliant Robotic Hands. Frontiers in Robotics and AI. Frontiers Media S.A. doi: 10.3389/frobt.2021.704416. ISSN 2296-9144.

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frobt.2021.704416/full

Abstract

The sense of touch is a key aspect in the human capability to robustly grasp and manipulate a wide variety of objects. Despite many years of development, there is still no preferred solution for tactile sensing in robotic hands: multiple technologies are available, each one with different benefits depending on the application. This study compares the performance of different tactile sensors mounted on the variable stiffness gripper CLASH 2F, including three commercial sensors: a single taxel sensor from the companies Tacterion and Kinfinity, the Robotic Finger Sensor v2 from Sparkfun, plus a self-built resistive 3 × 3 sensor array, and two self-built magnetic 3-DoF touch sensors, one with four taxels and one with one taxel. We verify the minimal force detectable by the sensors, test if slip detection is possible with the available taxels on each sensor, and use the sensors for edge detection to obtain the orientation of the grasped object. To evaluate the benefits obtained with each technology and to assess which sensor fits better the control loop in a variable stiffness hand, we use the CLASH gripper to grasp fruits and vegetables following a published benchmark for pick and place operations. To facilitate the repetition of tests, the CLASH hand is endowed with tactile buttons that ease human–robot interactions, including execution of a predefined program, resetting errors, or commanding the full robot to move in gravity compensation mode.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/145187/
Document Type:Article
Title:Experimental Evaluation of Tactile Sensors for Compliant Robotic Hands
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Friedl, WernerWerner.Friedl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3002-7274
Roa Garzon, Máximo AlejandroMaximo.Roa (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1708-4223
Date:11 October 2021
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Robotics and AI
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.3389/frobt.2021.704416
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A
ISSN:2296-9144
Status:Published
Keywords:tactile sensors, slippage detection, hand design, grasp stiffness, grasp benchmarking
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Robotics
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RO - Robotics
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Multi-fingered robotic hands [RO]
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Mechatronic Systems
Deposited By: Friedl, Werner
Deposited On:08 Nov 2021 10:12
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 10:12

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