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First Results from the ROBEX Demonstration Mission on Mt. Etna: A modular lunar architecture deployed to perform seismic experiments on a volcano as terrestrial validation of a lunar mission scenario

Lange, Caroline and Witte, Lars and Rosta, Roland and Toth, Norbert and Tsakyridis, Georgios and Jahnke, Stephan Siegfried and Kleinermann, Patrick and Wedler, Armin and Lehner, Peter and Gmeiner, Heinrich and Heffels, Alexandra and Sohl, Frank and Knapmeyer, Martin and Wilde, Martina and Völk, Stefan and Kimpe, Andreas (2017) First Results from the ROBEX Demonstration Mission on Mt. Etna: A modular lunar architecture deployed to perform seismic experiments on a volcano as terrestrial validation of a lunar mission scenario. 68th Astronautical Congress (IAC), Adelaide, Australia.

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Abstract

In the past 4 years, the ROBEX (Robotic exploration under extreme environments) alliance members have developed technologies to be used as key infrastructural elements supporting a lunar robotic surface exploration scenario consisting of modular landing systems, mobile elements and deployable instrument carriers equipped with seismic sensors. The systems have been developed along a lunar exploration scenario, called Active Seismic Network, supposed to investigate amongst others the subsurface layering on the moon. As flight opportunities and funding for real lunar missions are limited, analogue field testing is one of the few possibilities to validate such a coherent science and mission scenario and all its required technologies including their interactions. Terrestrial analog testing is a widespread methodology in planetary science and exploration technology development serving several purposes ranging from knowledge increase regarding planetary processes, testing of methodologies and strategies including training of personnel and offering also the possibility of engaging the public by performing outreach activities. A thorough investigation of terrestrial analogue sites has revealed Mount Etna at Sicily Italy, in a region which is characterized by active volcanism, to comply best with the technical and programmatic requirements and constraints for the terrestrial analogue field test in the ROBEX frame. The chosen region is characterized by a constant micro seismicity induced by volcanic activity and deep earthquakes that are localized in a similar depth range as expected in a lunar environment. This provides an excellent matching of the overall scientific and technological testing environment with the lunar one. Based on the realistic lunar exploration scenario, a mission scenario has been derived for the field test, which is designed to not only demonstrate technology, but to also generate meaningful scientific data and validate measurement methodologies for future lunar applications. Furthermore some key elements of the architecture, for example the LSS (Locomotion sub system) of the rover shall also be tested against applicable technological requirements. First results of tests will be presented revealing insight into aspects related to the overall mission scenario, including automatic sequencing, autonomy requirements, scientist and control centre interaction and measurement methods, all of which provide valuable input for future mission and system design. Still, the terrestrial analogue is by definition different from the lunar environment, leading to modifications and simplifications in the test equipment which shall also be covered in this paper exemplarily for the Instrument Carriers (Remote Units) and the lander (Surface Explorations Model).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/116824/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:First Results from the ROBEX Demonstration Mission on Mt. Etna: A modular lunar architecture deployed to perform seismic experiments on a volcano as terrestrial validation of a lunar mission scenario
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Lange, CarolineCaroline.Lange (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1709-3667
Witte, LarsLars.Witte (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3921-2524
Rosta, RolandRoland.Rosta (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Toth, NorbertNorbert.Toth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Tsakyridis, GeorgiosGeorgios.Tsakyridis (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jahnke, Stephan SiegfriedStephan.Jahnke (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1678-4332
Kleinermann, PatrickPatrick.Kleinermann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wedler, ArminArmin.Wedler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lehner, PeterPeter.Lehner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gmeiner, HeinrichHeinrich.Gmeiner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Heffels, AlexandraAlexandra.Heffels (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9266-8061
Sohl, FrankFrank.Sohl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Knapmeyer, MartinMartin.Knapmeyer (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0319-2514
Wilde, MartinaAlfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung (Germany)UNSPECIFIED
Völk, StefanStefan.Voelk (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9720-6504
Kimpe, Andreasandreas.kimpe (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2017
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Moon, architecture, modularity
Event Title:68th Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Adelaide, Australia
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Explorationsstudien
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems
Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013)
Space Operations and Astronaut Training
Institute of Planetary Research
Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute of Space Systems > Avionics Systems
Deposited By: Lange, Caroline
Deposited On:08 Dec 2017 16:47
Last Modified:23 May 2018 12:32

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