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Climate-Compatible Air Transport System - Climate Impact Mitigation Potential for Actual and Future Aircraft

Dahlmann, Katrin and Koch, Alexander and Linke, Florian and Grewe, Volker and Otten, Tom and Seider, Doreen and Gollnick, Volker and Schumann, Ulrich (2016) Climate-Compatible Air Transport System - Climate Impact Mitigation Potential for Actual and Future Aircraft. Aerospace, pp. 1-25. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/aerospace3040038 ISSN 2226-4310

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Official URL: http://elib.dlr.de/107544/1/aerospace-03-00038.pdf

Abstract

Aviation guarantees mobility, but its emissions also contribute considerably to climate change. Therefore, climate impact mitigation strategies have to be developed based on comprehensive assessments of the different impacting factors. We quantify the climate impact mitigation potential and related costs resulting from changes in aircraft operations and design using a multi-disciplinary model workflow. We first analyze the climate impact mitigation potential and cash operating cost changes of altered cruise altitudes and speeds for all flights globally operated by the Airbus A330-200 fleet in the year 2006. We find that this globally can lead to a 42% reduction in temperature response at a 10% cash operating cost increase. Based on this analysis, new design criteria are derived for future aircraft that are optimized for cruise conditions with reduced climate impact. The newly-optimized aircraft is re-assessed with the developed model workflow. We obtain additional climate mitigation potential with small to moderate cash operating cost changes due to the aircraft design changes of, e.g., a 32% and 54% temperature response reduction for a 0% and 10% cash operating cost increase. Hence, replacing the entire A330-200 fleet by this redesigned aircraft Macr = 0.72 and initial cruise altitude (ICA) = 8000 m) could reduce the climate impact by 32% without an increase of cash operating cost.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107544/
Document Type:Article
Title:Climate-Compatible Air Transport System - Climate Impact Mitigation Potential for Actual and Future Aircraft
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Dahlmann, KatrinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3198-1713
Koch, AlexanderlufttransportsystemeUNSPECIFIED
Linke, Florianflorian.linke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Grewe, VolkerDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8012-6783
Otten, Tomtom.otten (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Seider, DoreenDoreen.Seider (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9484-8704
Gollnick, VolkerVolker.Gollnick (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schumann, UlrichDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5255-6869
Date:17 November 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.3390/aerospace3040038
Page Range:pp. 1-25
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2226-4310
Status:Published
Keywords:climate mitigation potential; cost-benefit analysis; aircraft design
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment
Location: Hamburg , Köln-Porz , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Air Transport Operations
Institute of Propulsion Technology
Institut of Simulation and Software Technology
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Dahlmann, Katrin
Deposited On:17 Nov 2016 08:57
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:23

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