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MASCOT - The Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout onboard the Hayabusa2 Mission

Ho, Tra-Mi and Baturkin, Volodymyr and Grimm, Christian and Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Hobbie, Catherin Fiona and Ksenik, Eugen and Lange, Caroline and Sasaki, Kaname and Schlotterer, Markus and Termtanasombat, Nawarat and Talapina, Maria and Wejmo, Elisabet and Witte, Lars and Wrasmann, Michael and Wübbels, Guido and Rößler, Johannes and Ziach, Christian and Findlay, Ross and Biele, Jens and Krause, Christian and Ulamec, Stephan and Lange, Michael and Mierheim, Olaf and Lichtenheldt, Roy and Maier, Maximilian and Reill, Josef and Sedlmayr, Hans-Jürgen and Bousquet, P.-W. and Bellion, Anthony and Bompis, Olivier and Cenac-Morthe, Céline and Deleuze, Muriel and Fredon, Stéphane and Jurado, Eric and Canalias, Elisabet and Jaumann, Ralf and Bibring, Jean-Pierre and Glassmeier, K.H. and Hercik, David and Grott, Matthias and Celotti, Luca and Cordero, Federico and Hendrikse, Jeffrey and Okada, T. (2016) MASCOT - The Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout onboard the Hayabusa2 Mission. Space Science Reviews. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s11214-016-0251-6. ISSN 0038-6308.

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11214-016-0251-6


On December 3rd, 2014, the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) launched successfully the Hayabusa2 (HY2) spacecraft to its journey to Near Earth asteroid (162173) Ryugu. Aboard this spacecraft is a compact landing package, MASCOT (Mobile Asteroid surface SCOuT), which was developed by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) in collaboration with the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES). Similar to the famous predecessor mission Hayabusa, Hayabusa2, will also study an asteroid and return samples to Earth. This time, however, the target is a C-type asteroid which is considered to be more primitive than (25143) Itokawa and provide insight into an even earlier stage of our Solar System. Upon arrival at asteroid Ryugu in 2018, MASCOT will be released from the HY2 spacecraft and gently descend by free fall from an altitude of about 100 m to the surface of the asteroid. After a few bounces, the lander will come to rest at the surface and perform its scientific investigations of the surface structure and mineralogical composition, the thermal behaviour and the magnetic properties by operating its four scientific instruments. Those include an IR imaging spectrometer (MicrOmega, IAS Paris), a camera (MASCAM, DLR Berlin), a radiometer (MARA, DLR Berlin) and a magnetometer (MASMAG, TU Braunschweig). In order to allow optimized payload operations the thermal design of MASCOT is required to cope with the contrasting requirements of the 4-year cruise in cold environment versus the hot conditions on the surface of the asteroid. Operations up to 2 asteroid days (∼16 hours) based on a primary battery are currently envisaged. A mobility mechanism allows locomotion on the surface. The mechanism is supported by an attitude and motion sensing system and an intelligent autonomy manager, which is implemented in the onboard software that enables MASCOT to operate fully independently when ground intervention is not available.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/107136/
Document Type:Article
Title:MASCOT - The Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout onboard the Hayabusa2 Mission
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Ho, Tra-MiDLR-Bremen, tra-mi.ho (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Baturkin, VolodymyrDLR-BremenUNSPECIFIED
Grimm, Christianchristian.grimm (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Grundmann, Jan Thimojan.grundmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Hobbie, Catherin FionaCatherin.Hobbie (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3612-2785
Ksenik, EugenDLR-Bremen, eugen.ksenik (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lange, CarolineDLR-Bremen, caroline.lange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sasaki, KanameKaname.Sasaki (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schlotterer, MarkusMarkus.Schlotterer (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6565-3622
Termtanasombat, NawaratNawarat.Termtanasombat (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Talapina, MariaMaria.Talapina (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wejmo, ElisabetElisabet.Wejmo (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Witte, LarsLars.Witte (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wrasmann, Michaelmichael.wrasmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wübbels, GuidoGuido.Wuebbels (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rößler, JohannesJohannes.Roessler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ziach, ChristianDLR Bremen, Christian.Ziach (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Biele, JensJens.Biele (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Krause, ChristianChristian.Krause (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ulamec, StephanStephan.Ulamec (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lange, MichaelM.Lange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mierheim, OlafOlaf.Mierheim (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lichtenheldt, RoyRoy.Lichtenheldt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maier, Maximilianmaximilian.maier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reill, JosefJosef.Reill (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sedlmayr, Hans-JürgenHans-Juergen.Sedlmayr (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bousquet, P.-W.CNES, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Bellion, Anthonyanthony.bellion (at) cnes.frUNSPECIFIED
Bompis, OlivierOlivier.Bompis (at) cnes.frUNSPECIFIED
Cenac-Morthe, Célineceline.cenac-morthe (at) cnes.frUNSPECIFIED
Deleuze, MurielMuriel.Deleuze (at) cnes.frUNSPECIFIED
Fredon, StéphaneStephane.Fredon (at) cnes.frUNSPECIFIED
Jurado, EricCNES, ToulouseUNSPECIFIED
Canalias, ElisabetCentre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, RalfDLR Berlin, Inst. PlanetenforschungUNSPECIFIED
Bibring, Jean-PierreInstitut d'Astrophysique SpatialeUNSPECIFIED
Glassmeier, K.H.Institut für Geophysik und Meteorologie, TU Braunschweig, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Hercik, Davidd.hercik (at) tu-braunschweig.deUNSPECIFIED
Grott, MatthiasMatthias.Grott (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Celotti, Lucaluca.celotti (at) activespacetech.euUNSPECIFIED
Cordero, Federicofederico.cordero (at) telespazio-vega.deUNSPECIFIED
Hendrikse, JeffreyAirbus Defense and Space (former Astrium GmbH.), Friedrichshafen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Okada, T.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Space Science Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1007/s11214-016-0251-6
Keywords:Hayabusa2, MASCOT, Surface Science Package, Asteroid
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MASCOT (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systems Engineering and Project Office
Institute of System Dynamics and Control > Space System Dynamics
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Mechatronic Components and Systems
Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Institute of Space Systems > Quality Management
Institute of Space Systems > Mechanic and Thermal Systems
Deposited By: Ho, Tra-Mi
Deposited On:31 Oct 2016 16:38
Last Modified:23 Jan 2019 11:46

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