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Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT) - Design, Development and Delivery of a Small Asteroid Lander Aboard Hayabusa2

Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Auster, U. and Baturkin, Volodymyr and Bellion, Anthony and Bibring, Jean-Pierre and Biele, Jens and Boden, Ralf and Bompis, Olivier and Borgs, Belinda and Bousquet, Pierre and Canalias, Elisabet and Celotti, Luca and Cenac-Morthe, Céline and Cordero, Federico and Deleuze, Muriel and Evesque, Corinne and Findlay, Ross and Fredon, Stéphane and Glaßmeier, K.H. (4) and Granena, David and Grimm, Christian and Grott, Matthias and Hamm, Vincent and Hendrikse, Jeffrey and Hercik, David and Ho, Tra-Mi and Jaumann, Ralf and Krause, Christian and Kroth, Ronald and Ksenik, Eugen and Lange, Caroline and Lange, Michael and Mierheim, Olaf and Okada, Tatsuaki and Reill, Josef and Sasaki, Kaname and Schmitz, Nicole and Sedlmayr, Hans-Jürgen and Talapina, Maria and Tangruamsub, Sirinart and Termtanasombat, Nawarat and Ulamec, Stephan and Wejmo, Elisabet and Wrasmann, Michael and Yoshimitsu, T. and Ziach, Christian and the MASCOT team, the MASCOT team (2015) Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT) - Design, Development and Delivery of a Small Asteroid Lander Aboard Hayabusa2. In: IAA proceedings on-line - http://pdc.iaaweb.org/?q=ipc. IAA. 4th IAA Planetary Defense Conference – PDC 2015, 13.-17. April 2015, Frascati, Rom, Italien.

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Official URL: http://pdc.iaaweb.org/?q=ipc

Abstract

MASCOT is a small asteroid lander launched on December 3rd, 2014, aboard the Japanese HAYABUSA2 asteroid sample-return mission towards the 980 m diameter C-type near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU3. MASCOT carries four full-scale asteroid science instruments and an uprighting and relocation device within a shoebox-sized 10 kg spacecraft; a complete lander comparable in mass and volume to a medium-sized science instrument on interplanetary missions. Asteroid surface science will be obtained by: MicrOmega, a hyperspectral near- to mid-infrared soil microscope provided by IAS; MASCAM, a wide-angle Si CMOS camera with multicolour LED illumination unit; MARA, a multichannel thermal infrared surface radiometer; the magnetometer, MASMAG, provided by the Technical University of Braunschweig. Further information on the conditions at or near the lander‘s surfaces is generated as a byproduct of attitude sensors and other system sensors. MASCOT uses a highly integrated, ultra-lightweight truss-frame structure made from a CFRP-foam sandwich. It has three internal mechanisms: a preload release mechanism, to release the structural preload applied for launch across the separation mechanism interface; a separation mechanism, to realize the ejection of MASCOT from the semi-recessed stowed position within HAYABUSA2; and the mobility mechanism, for uprighting and hopping. MASCOT uses semi-passive thermal control with Multi-Layer Insulation, two heatpipes and a radiator for heat rejection during operational phases, and heaters for thermal control of the battery and the main electronics during cruise. MASCOT is powered by a primary battery during its on-asteroid operational phase, but supplied by HAYABUSA2 during cruise for check-out and calibration operations as well as thermal control. All housekeeping and scientific data is transmitted to Earth via a relay link with the HAYABUSA2 main-spacecraft, also during cruise operations. The link uses redundant omnidirectional UHF-Band transceivers and patch antennae on the lander. The MASCOT On-Board Computer is a redundant system providing data storage, instrument interfacing, command and data handling, as well as autonomous surface operation functions. Knowledge of the lander’s attitude on the asteroid is key to the success of its uprighting and hopping function. The attitude is determined by a threefold set of sensors: optical distance sensors, photo electric cells and thermal sensors. A range of experimental sensors is also carried. MASCOT was build by the German Aerospace Center, DLR, with contributions from the French space agency, CNES. The system design, science instruments, and operational concept of MASCOT will be presented, with sidenotes on the development of the mission and its integration with HAYABUSA2.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/103064/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT) - Design, Development and Delivery of a Small Asteroid Lander Aboard Hayabusa2
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Grundmann, Jan ThimoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981UNSPECIFIED
Auster, U.TU BraunschweigUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Baturkin, VolodymyrUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bellion, AnthonyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bibring, Jean-PierreInstitut d'Astrophysique SpatialeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Biele, JensUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Boden, RalfUniversity of TokyoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bompis, OlivierUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Borgs, BelindaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bousquet, PierreUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Canalias, ElisabetCentre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Celotti, LucaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cenac-Morthe, CélineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cordero, FedericoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deleuze, MurielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Evesque, CorinneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Findlay, RossDLR, BonnUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fredon, StéphaneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Glaßmeier, K.H. (4)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Granena, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grimm, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4490-7424UNSPECIFIED
Grott, MatthiasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8613-7096UNSPECIFIED
Hamm, VincentUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hendrikse, JeffreyAirbus Defense and Space (former Astrium GmbH.), Friedrichshafen, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hercik, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ho, Tra-MiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, RalfUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Krause, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kroth, RonaldUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ksenik, EugenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lange, CarolineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lange, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0095-3605UNSPECIFIED
Mierheim, OlafUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Okada, TatsuakiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reill, JosefUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4092-063XUNSPECIFIED
Sasaki, KanameUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0365-4539UNSPECIFIED
Schmitz, NicoleUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6481-6189UNSPECIFIED
Sedlmayr, Hans-JürgenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1180-3960UNSPECIFIED
Talapina, MariaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tangruamsub, SirinartUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Termtanasombat, NawaratUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ulamec, StephanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wejmo, ElisabetUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wrasmann, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yoshimitsu, T.JAXA/JSPEC, JapanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ziach, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
the MASCOT team, the MASCOT teamUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3378-3227UNSPECIFIED
Date:13 April 2015
Journal or Publication Title:IAA proceedings on-line - http://pdc.iaaweb.org/?q=ipc
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Ailor, WilliamThe Aerospace CompanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tremayne-Smith, RichardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:IAA
Series Name:IAA Scientific Activities
Status:Published
Keywords:MASCOT, asteroid lander, small spacecraft, constraints-driven design, HAYABUSA2
Event Title:4th IAA Planetary Defense Conference – PDC 2015
Event Location:Frascati, Rom, Italien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-17. April 2015
Organizer:IAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MASCOT (old), R - Project Mascot (Bus), R - Projekt Mascot (Rob.), R - Mascot Bus (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Asteroids and Comets
Institute of Space Systems > Avionics Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Mechatronic Components and Systems
Institute of Space Systems > Land and Exploration Technology
Institute of Space Systems > Mechanic and Thermal Systems
Deposited By: Grundmann, Jan Thimo
Deposited On:12 Feb 2016 11:41
Last Modified:29 Mar 2023 00:26

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