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Integration of a 3D perspective view in the navigation display: featuring pilot's mental model

Ebrecht, Lars and Schmerwitz, Sven (2015) Integration of a 3D perspective view in the navigation display: featuring pilot's mental model. In: Proceedings of SPIE, SPIE. SPIE. Degraded Visual Environments: Enhanced, Synthetic, and External Vision Solutions 2015, Baltimore. doi: 10.1117/12.2177402. ISBN 978-1-62841-587-2.

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Synthetic vision systems (SVS) appear as spreading technology in the avionic domain. Several studies prove enhanced situational awareness when using synthetic vision. Since the introduction of synthetic vision a steady change and evolution started concerning the primary flight display (PFD) and the navigation display (ND). The main improvements of the ND comprise the representation of colored ground proximity warning systems (EGPWS), weather radar, and TCAS information. Synthetic vision seems to offer high potential to further enhance cockpit display systems. Especially, concerning the current trend having a 3D perspective view in a SVS-PFD while leaving the navigational content as well as methods of interaction unchanged the question arouses if and how the gap between both displays might evolve to a serious problem. This issue becomes important in relation to the transition and combination of strategic and tactical flight guidance. Hence, pros and cons of 2D and 3D views generally as well as the gap between the egocentric perspective 3D view of the PFD and the exocentric 2D top and side view of the ND will be discussed. Further a concept for the integration of a 3D perspective view, i.e., bird’s eye view, in synthetic vision ND will be presented. The combination of 2D and 3D views in the ND enables a better correlation of the ND and the PFD. Additionally, this supports the building of pilot’s mental model. The authors believe it will improve the situational and spatial awareness. It might prove to further raise the safety margin when operating in mountainous areas.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99874/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Integration of a 3D perspective view in the navigation display: featuring pilot's mental model
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:20 April 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of SPIE
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Keywords:Cockpit display systems, Synthetic vision systems, Navigation Display, Primary Flight Display, Situation Awareness, Spatial Awareness, 2D/3D representations
Event Title:Degraded Visual Environments: Enhanced, Synthetic, and External Vision Solutions 2015
Event Location:Baltimore
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Ebrecht, Lars
Deposited On:25 Nov 2015 17:22
Last Modified:09 Feb 2017 19:21

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