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Color schemes for a sectorless ATM controller working position

Birkmeier, Bettina and Diethei, Daniel and Straube, Karsten and Biella, Marcus and Tittel, Sebastian (2015) Color schemes for a sectorless ATM controller working position. In: Proceedings of the 34th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 1D1-1. IEEE. 34th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), 13.-17. Sept. 2015, Prag, Tschechien. ISBN 978-1-4799-8939-3

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Abstract

In sectorless air traffic management (ATM) concept, air traffic controllers are no longer in charge of a certain sector. Instead, the sectorless airspace is considered as a single unit and controllers are assigned certain aircraft, which might be located anywhere in the sectorless airspace. The air traffic controllers are responsible for these geographically independent aircraft all the way from their entry into the airspace to the exit. In order to support the controllers with this task, they are provided with one radar display for each assigned aircraft. This means, only one aircraft on each of these radar displays is under their control as the surrounding traffic is under control of other controllers. Each air traffic controller has to keep track of several traffic situa-tions at the same time. In order to optimally support controllers with this task, a color-coding of the information is necessary. For example, the aircraft under control can be distinguished from the surrounding traffic by displaying them in a certain color. Furthermore, conflict detection and resolution information can be color-coded, such that it is straightforward which controller is in charge of solving a conflict. We conducted a human-in-the-loop simulation in order to compare different color schemes for a sectorless ATM controller working position. Three different color schemes were tested: a positive contrast polarity scheme that follows the current look of the P1/VAFORIT (P1/very advanced flight-data pro-cessing operational requirement implementation) display used by the German air navigation service provider DFS in the Karlsruhe upper airspace control center, a newly designed negative contrast polarity color scheme and a modified positive contrast polarity scheme. An analysis of the collected data showed no significant evidence for an impact of the color schemes on controller task performance. However, results suggest that a positive contrast polarity should be preferred and that the newly designed positive contrast polarity color scheme has advantages over the P1/VAFORIT color scheme when used for sectorless ATM.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/98060/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Color schemes for a sectorless ATM controller working position
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Birkmeier, Bettinabettina.birkmeier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Diethei, Danieldaniel.diethei (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Straube, Karstenkarsten.straube (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Biella, Marcusmarcus.biella (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Tittel, SebastianSebastian.Tittel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 34th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:1D1-1
Publisher:IEEE
ISBN:978-1-4799-8939-3
Status:Published
Keywords:sectorless, ATM, air traffic management, HMI, controller working position, CWP, color, color scheme
Event Title:34th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC)
Event Location:Prag, Tschechien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-17. Sept. 2015
Organizer:DATC
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Birkmeier, Bettina
Deposited On:25 Nov 2015 17:51
Last Modified:25 Nov 2015 17:51

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