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Framework for Fusion of Ascending and Descending Pass TanDEM-X Raw DEMs

Deo, Rinki and Rossi, Cristian and Eineder, Michael and Fritz, Thomas and Rao, Y. S. (2015) Framework for Fusion of Ascending and Descending Pass TanDEM-X Raw DEMs. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 8 (7), pp. 3347-3355. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2431433. ISSN 1939-1404.

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Official URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7112083


A novel method for calculating optimum incidence angle for the TanDEM-X system using any available digital elevation model (DEM) for the given area is proposed in this study. This method includes the plotting of slopes and aspect of the test area in a statistical way and applying mathematical approach using acquisition geometry in ascending and descending pass TanDEM-X data to optimize the incidence angle for obtaining precise DEM. Furthermore, the TanDEM-X raw DEMs in ascending and descending pass over Mumbai, India are combined using a simple weighted fusion algorithm and the quality of fused DEM thus generated is enhanced. The method adopted for fusion is just an experimental study. The problem of optimum weight selection for fusion has been addressed using height error map and a robust layover shadow mask calculated in “Integrated TanDEM-X Processor” (ITP) during TanDEM-X DEM generation. The height error map is calculated from the interferometric coherence with geometrical considerations and the robust layover and shadow map is calculated using TanDEM-X DEM and the corresponding slant range. Results show a significant reduction in the number of invalid pixels after fusion. In the fused DEM, invalids are only 2.14%, while ascending and descending pass DEMs have 5.02% and 6.34%, respectively. Statistical analysis shows a slight improvement in standard deviation of the error in fused DEM by 8% in urban area and about 5% for the whole scene. Only slight improvement in accuracy of fused DEM can be attributed to the coarse resolution of the SRTM-X DEM used as reference.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97813/
Document Type:Article
Title:Framework for Fusion of Ascending and Descending Pass TanDEM-X Raw DEMs
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Rossi, Cristiancristian.rossi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Eineder, Michaelmichael.eineder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Fritz, Thomasthomas.fritz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2431433
Page Range:pp. 3347-3355
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Keywords:Fusion, layover, optimum incidence angle, TanDEM-X digital elevation model (DEM), weightage
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt TanDEM-X (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Deposited By: Rossi, Cristian
Deposited On:13 Aug 2015 18:04
Last Modified:19 Nov 2021 20:28

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