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Pre-Tactical Optimization of Runway Utilization Under Uncertainty

Kapolke, Manu and Fürstenau, Norbert and Heidt, Andreas and Liers, Frauke and Mittendorf, Monika and Weiß, Christian (2015) Pre-Tactical Optimization of Runway Utilization Under Uncertainty. Journal of Air Transport Management. Elsevier. ISSN 0969-6997.

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Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jairtaman


Efficient planning of runway utilization is one of the main challenges in Air Traffic Management (ATM). It is important because runway is the combining element between airside and groundside. Furthermore, it is a bottleneck in many cases. In this paper, we develop a specific optimization approach for the pre-tactical planning phase that reduces complexity by omitting unnecessary information. Instead of determining arrival/departure times to the minute in this phase yet, we assign several aircraft to the same time window of a given size. The exact orders within those time windows can be decided later in tactical planning. Mathematically, we solve a generalized assignment problem on a bipartite graph. To know how many aircraft can be assigned to one time window, we consider separation requirements for consecutive aircraft types. In reality, however, uncertainty and inaccuracy almost always lead to deviations from the actual plan or schedule. Thus, we present approaches to incorporate uncertainty directly in our model in order to achieve a robustification with respect to changes in the data. Namely, we use techniques from robust optimization and stochastic optimization. Further, we analyze real-world data from a large German airport to obtain realistic delay distributions, which turn out to be two-parametric Γ-distributions. Finally, we describe a simulation environment to test our new solution methods.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97726/
Document Type:Article
Title:Pre-Tactical Optimization of Runway Utilization Under Uncertainty
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kapolke, ManuFriedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-NürnbergUNSPECIFIED
Heidt, AndreasFAU Erlangen-NürnbergUNSPECIFIED
Liers, FraukeFAU Erlangen-NürnbergUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Air Transport Management
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Schäfer, Dirkeurocontrol.intUNSPECIFIED
Cook, Andrewcookaj@westminster.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Journal of Air Transport Management
Keywords:air traffic management, optimization, pre-tactical, uncertainty, delay, stochastic process
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance
Deposited By: Fürstenau, Dr.phil.nat. Norbert
Deposited On:25 Nov 2015 18:48
Last Modified:25 Nov 2015 18:48

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