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Comparison of contrail predictions with observations

Schumann, Ulrich and Graf, Kaspar and Bugliaro, Luca and Wirth, Martin and Ziereis, Helmut and Giez, Andreas and Jurkat, Tina and Kaufmann, Stefan and Schlage, Romy and Zahn, Andreas and Dörnbrack, Andreas and Krämer, Martina and Minikin, Andreas and Voigt, Christiane (2015) Comparison of contrail predictions with observations. 4th International Conference on Transport, Atmosphere and Climate, 22-25 June 2015, Bad Kohlgrub, Deutschland.

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Official URL: http://www.pa.op.dlr.de/tac/2015/restricted/index.html

Abstract

This paper presents examples of comparison of modelled contrail cirrus properties with observed cirrus and contrail properties as obtained during the Mid-Latitude Cirrus Experiment (ML-CIRRUS) in March/April 2014. ML-CIRRUS was performed by more than 14 partner institutions (universities and research institutes), mainly from Germany, under coordination by DLR (see Voigt et al., EGU, 2015). During the ML-CIRRUS mission, 13 scientific mission flights have been performed with the High Altitude and Long Range research aircraft HALO at altitudes up to 13.8 km between 26 March and 15 April 2014 over Europe and the eastern part of the North Atlantic, often in high density air traffic regions. HALO was instrumented with about 3 tons of in-situ instruments for meteorology, gases, aerosols and cloud properties, with a high spectral resolution lidar and with other remote sensing instruments. Most of the measurement data are now available in the HALO data bank, though some still preliminary. A subset of the results has been presented at the EGU in Vienna in April 2015 (e.g., presentation by Christiane Voigt and the whole ML-CIRRUS team). The model results are obtained from simulations with the Contrail Cirrus Prediction tool (CoCiP) which has been developed to simulate and predict the properties of a large ensemble of contrails as a function of given air traffic and meteorology (Schumann, GMD, 2012). This paper will show that contrails cirrus is, to some degree, predictable on time scales of several days. A metric to measure the accuracy of the predictions is difficult to specify and will depend on the information that is needed from such predictions. Hence, the degree of agreement or disagreement between models and observations is hard to specify quantitatively. The main prerequisites for accurate predictions are accurate meteorological forecast fields (relative humidity, horizontal and vertical wind, temperature, cirrus ice water content, and top-of-the-atmosphere shortwave and longwave radiances), and accurate and detailed air traffic information (aircraft types and route waypoint sequences during the 24 h before the observations). For ML-CIRRUS, the model is driven with ECMWF IFS forecast and analysis data (1-h time resolution, 0.5° horizontal resolution, in the ML-CIRRUS domain 60°W-20°E, 20°N-70°N). For forecast, historical data are used from ACCRI (see Wilkerson et al., ACP, 2010; Schumann and Graf, 2013)). For analyses, traffic data were collected from various sources (including data from the Deutsche Flugsicherung, Flightradar24, Eurocontrol and VOLPE/FAA). Unfortunately, none of these data sources cover the whole ML-CIRRUS-domain uniformly. The paper will show that the measurements give insight in the validity of various model properties, in particular in respect to plume dilution, ice water content and ice crystal number concentrations.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97373/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Comparison of contrail predictions with observations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schumann, UlrichDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Graf, KasparDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Bugliaro, LucaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Wirth, MartinDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Ziereis, HelmutDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Giez, AndreasDLR, FXUNSPECIFIED
Jurkat, TinaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Kaufmann, StefanDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Schlage, RomyDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Zahn, AndreasKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)UNSPECIFIED
Dörnbrack, AndreasDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Krämer, MartinaFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Minikin, AndreasDLR, FXUNSPECIFIED
Voigt, ChristianeDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:24 June 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:contrail cirrus ML-CIRRUS experiment HALO COCS CoCiP
Event Title:4th International Conference on Transport, Atmosphere and Climate
Event Location:Bad Kohlgrub, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22-25 June 2015
Organizer:DLR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Remote Sensing
Flugexperimente > Flugversuchstechnik OP
Deposited By: Schumann, Prof.Dr.habil. Ulrich
Deposited On:21 Jul 2015 19:12
Last Modified:22 Jul 2015 09:39

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