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Petri-Net-based modeling of human operator’s planning for the evaluation of task performance using the example of air traffic control

Hasselberg, Andreas and Söffker, Dirk (2015) Petri-Net-based modeling of human operator’s planning for the evaluation of task performance using the example of air traffic control. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 45 (6), pp. 676-685. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/THMS.2015.2456104 ISBN 2168-2291 ISSN 2168-2291

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Official URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7182301

Abstract

With respect to planning capabilities, a model is developed to be used for the evaluation of human operator's cognitive performance. Plans are goal-directed interaction sequences cognitively simulated before appearing in dynamic Human-Machine Systems. In this context, human operator's actions have long-term effects as well as different consequences depending on the time of their activation. The proposed model allows the evaluation of cognitive task performance by comparing implemented decisions to the available options represented by plans. In this contribution, Situation-Operator-Modeling is applied to describe operator's behavior and the planning process based on the system modeled using Coloured Petri Nets. The Petri Net is applied for the prediction of future system states. The planning model uses a set of rules which describe the normative behavior of operators as definitions of problems and actions required to avoid these. The rules are derived systematically from the operator's objectives and from the available actions. The proposed method allows the calculation and therefore the prediction of future states as well as possible upcoming conflicts within the system. Corresponding rules may modify and therefore affect the generated plan. The method is demonstrated using a simplified air traffic control simulation. This method extends earlier methods published by the authors for the determination of available options based on Petri Nets. It can be concluded that the calculation of sequences of actions for interaction with dynamic systems with constant change over time is possible and realized for the first time.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96657/
Document Type:Article
Title:Petri-Net-based modeling of human operator’s planning for the evaluation of task performance using the example of air traffic control
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hasselberg, AndreasAndreas.Hasselberg (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Söffker, DirkUniversität Duisburg-EssenUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:45
DOI :10.1109/THMS.2015.2456104
Page Range:pp. 676-685
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Bass, EllenUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:2168-2291
ISBN:2168-2291
Status:Published
Keywords:Cognitive modeling, Human performance assessment, Human performance modeling, Man-Machine systems, Situated cognition
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Hasselberg, Andreas
Deposited On:10 Jul 2015 15:32
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:37

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