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Evaluation of Climate Models. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Flato, Gregory and Marotzke, Jochem and Abiodun, Babatunde and Braconnot, Pascale and Chou, Sin Chan and Collins, William J. and Cox, Peter and Driouech, Fatima and Emori, Seita and Eyring, Veronika and Forest, Chris and Gleckler, Peter and Guilyardi, Eric and Jakob, Christian and Kattsov, Vladimir and Reason, Chris and Rummukaines, Markku (2013) Evaluation of Climate Models. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In: Climate Change 2013 Assessment Reports of IPCC, 5. Cambridge University Press. pp. 741-866. ISBN 9781107661820.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.020

Abstract

Climate models have continued to be developed and improved since the AR4, and many models have been extended into Earth System models by including the representation of biogeochemical cycles important to climate change. These models allow for policy-relevant calculations such as the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions compatible with a specified climate stabilization target. In addition, the range of climate variables and processes that have been evaluated has greatly expanded, and differences between models and observations are increasingly quantified using ‘performance metrics’. In this chapter, model evaluation covers simulation of the mean climate, of historical climate change, of variability on multiple time scales and of regional modes of variability. This evaluation is based on recent internationally coordinated model experiments, including simulations of historic and paleo climate, specialized experiments designed to provide insight into key climate processes and feedbacks and regional climate downscaling. Figure 9.44 provides an overview of model capabilities as assessed in this chapter, including improvements, or lack thereof, relative to models assessed in the AR4. The chapter concludes with an assessment of recent work connecting model performance to the detection and attribution of climate change as well as to future projections.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/95697/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Evaluation of Climate Models. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Flato, GregoryUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Marotzke, JochemMPI für MeteorologieUNSPECIFIED
Abiodun, BabatundeUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Braconnot, PascaleIPSL, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Chou, Sin ChanUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Collins, William J.Met Office, Exeter, UKUNSPECIFIED
Cox, PeterUniversity of Exeter, UKUNSPECIFIED
Driouech, FatimaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Emori, SeitaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Eyring, VeronikaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Forest, ChrisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gleckler, PeterLLNL, USAUNSPECIFIED
Guilyardi, EricUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jakob, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kattsov, VladimirUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reason, ChrisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rummukaines, MarkkuUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Climate Change 2013
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:5
DOI :10.1017/CBO9781107415324.020
Page Range:pp. 741-866
Editors:
EditorsEmail
UNSPECIFIEDWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO)
UNSPECIFIEDUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Series Name:Assessment Reports of IPCC
ISBN:9781107661820
Status:Published
Keywords:CMIP, Earth system models, evaluation, emergent constraints, climate change
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ESMVal (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Ziegele, Brigitte
Deposited On:31 Mar 2015 14:04
Last Modified:20 Sep 2019 09:28

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