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New urban living and mobility

Jarass, Julia and Heinrichs, Dirk (2014) New urban living and mobility. Elsevier B.V.. European Transport Conference, 30.Sept. - 2.Okt., Frankfurt. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.07.015 ISSN 2352-1465

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Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/transportation-research-procedia

Abstract

Some cities across Europe currently experience new growth. Especially the inner-city areas are regaining their attractiveness as a residential area together with an influx of new residents and a diversification of the population structure (Herfert/Osterhage 2012; Haase/Kabisch 2010; Buzar et al., 2007). This process of urban population growth and change is oftentimes accompanied by an extension of the housing stock and the construction of new residential neighbourhoods within the existing built structure. Among these offers are new concepts for urban living that target specific demands of the residents and that potentially prevent urban sprawl and further suburbanization. The questions addressed in this article are which households relocate to these areas, what their motives are and how new urban development influences daily mobility. While it is established that compact mixed-use spatial structure rather supports low shares of motorized transport and short trip length, it is far from clear whether this is the case for new centrally located but rather low density areas. The results of a case study in Berlin suggest that this new type of urban living mostly attracts highly educated families with relatively high incomes. Residents mainly moved from other inner-city areas within Berlin to this newly developed location. The importance of some typically ‘suburban’ motives - a bigger apartment and a garden - for the decision to relocate indicates that new residents may have otherwise chosen to move out from the city centre. Daily mobility of residents is characterized by a rather high use of active modes such as walking and biking compared to the inner city population in general. Car use is about comparable despite a very high rate of car ownership. Overall, the study suggests that new inner city development, although with low density provides opportunities for sustainable mobility. At the same time, the potential of the area is far from being fully exploited.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/94496/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:New urban living and mobility
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Jarass, JuliaJulia.Jarass (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Heinrichs, Dirkdirk.heinrichs (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2014
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:1
DOI :doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.07.015
Page Range:pp. 142-153
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Coppola, PierluigiUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
Series Name:Transportation Research Procedia
ISSN:2352-1465
Status:Published
Keywords:Reurbanisation; new inner-city areas; residential preferences; daily mobility
Event Title:European Transport Conference
Event Location:Frankfurt
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:30.Sept. - 2.Okt.
Organizer:Association for European Transport
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Mobility and Urban Development
Institute of Transport Research > Passenger Transport
Deposited By: Heinrichs, Dirk
Deposited On:14 Jan 2015 11:33
Last Modified:14 Jan 2015 11:33

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