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Railway noise annoyance: Exposure-response relationships and testing a theoretical model by structural equation analysis

Pennig, S. and Schady, Arthur (2014) Railway noise annoyance: Exposure-response relationships and testing a theoretical model by structural equation analysis. Noise and Health, 16 (73), pp. 388-399. Medknow Publications. doi: 10.4103/1463-1741.144417. ISSN 1463-1741.

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In some regions the exposure to railway noise is extremely concentrated, which may lead to high residential annoyance. Nonacoustical factors contribute to these reactions, but there is limited evidence on the interrelations between the nonacoustical factors that influence railway noise annoyance. The aims of the present study were (1) to examine exposure-response relationships between long-term railway noise exposure and annoyance in a region severely affected by railway noise and (2) to determine a priori proposed interrelations between nonacoustical factors by structural equation analysis. Residents (n = 320) living close to railway tracks in the Middle Rhine Valley completed a socioacoustic survey. Individual noise exposure levels were calculated by an acoustical simulation model for this area. The derived exposure-response relationships indicated considerably higher annoyance at the same noise exposure level than would have been predicted by the European Union standard curve, particularly for the night-time period. In the structural equation analysis, 72% of the variance in noise annoyance was explained by the noise exposure (Lden) and nonacoustical variables. The model provides insights into several causal mechanisms underlying the formation of railway noise annoyance considering indirect and reciprocal effects. The concern about harmful effects of railway noise and railway traffic, the perceived control and coping capacity, and the individual noise sensitivity were the most important factors that influence noise annoyance. All effects of the nonacoustical factors on annoyance were mediated by the perceived control and coping capacity and additionally proposed indirect effects of the theoretical model were supported by the data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92126/
Document Type:Article
Title:Railway noise annoyance: Exposure-response relationships and testing a theoretical model by structural equation analysis
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Journal or Publication Title:Noise and Health
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 388-399
Publisher:Medknow Publications
Keywords:Annoyance, exposure-response relationship, nonacoustical factors, railway noise, structural equation analysis
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Martin, Sophie
Deposited On:25 Nov 2014 12:05
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:27

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