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Hardware-in-the-loop Simulation of GNSS Signal Tracking in Highly Elliptical Orbits Using the GSNRx Software Receiver

Kahr, Erin and O'Keefe, Kyle and Montenbruck, Oliver (2014) Hardware-in-the-loop Simulation of GNSS Signal Tracking in Highly Elliptical Orbits Using the GSNRx Software Receiver. In: Proceedings ION-GNSS+-2014. ION-GNSS+2014, 10.-12. Sep. 2014, Tampa, FL.

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The University of Calgary PLAN group’s GSNRxTM software receiver has been updated for use in orbital simulations. The updates included redesigned algorithms for satellite visibility calculations, the inclusion of a Kepler orbit model, an updated channel allocation strategy, a navigation solution reset when an insufficient number of GPS satellites are being tracked, and disabling the tropospheric corrections in the navigation solution. The redesigned GSNRxTM has been used for hardware in the loop simulations of tracking and navigation in highly elliptical orbit (HEO). The HEO scenario has been set up based on the orbital parameters of the European Space Agency’s planned Proba-3 mission. A realistic link budget has been assumed, and error sources such as ionospheric delay and GPS orbital errors have been simulated. Under the HEO simulation conditions, the receiver reliably acquires signals at 37 dB-Hz and stronger, and is able to maintain lock under HEO orbital dynamics. Loss of lock typically occurs between 28 and 30 dB-Hz for fading signals, with some signals tracked to 26 dB-Hz. The measurement noise is highly correlated with the highly variable HEO signal strength and is slightly higher than the theoretical thermal noise tracking jitter at the same carrier to noise density ratios. The receiver’s single point navigation solution agrees well with the simulated trajectory where ionospheric errors are small, but is highly sensitive to the ionospheric range delay on setting GPS satellites as positioning geometry weakens at high altitude. An initial filtered navigation solution was calculated using an extended Kalman filter to combine the GPS measurements with an orbital model. The filtered results were accurate to the meter level during the two perigee passages when position fixes were possible, and diverged to a few hundred meters during the 18 hour arc between fixes. Future work will include research into multi-constellation tracking, and relative positioning for formation flying satellites in HEO.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92119/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Hardware-in-the-loop Simulation of GNSS Signal Tracking in Highly Elliptical Orbits Using the GSNRx Software Receiver
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kahr, ErinUniv. CalgaryUNSPECIFIED
O'Keefe, KyleUniv. of CalgaryUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings ION-GNSS+-2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:GNSS; HEO
Event Title:ION-GNSS+2014
Event Location:Tampa, FL
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:10.-12. Sep. 2014
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Infrastruktur und Unterstützung für Raumflugbetrieb
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training
Deposited By: Montenbruck, Dr.rer.nat.hab. Oliver
Deposited On:19 Nov 2014 09:46
Last Modified:19 Nov 2014 09:46

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