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DLR NATURAL AND HYBRID TRANSONIC LAMINAR WING DESIGN INCORPORATING NEW METHODOLOGIES

Streit, Thomas and Wedler, Sven and Kruse, Martin (2014) DLR NATURAL AND HYBRID TRANSONIC LAMINAR WING DESIGN INCORPORATING NEW METHODOLOGIES. RAeS Advanced Aero Concepts, Design and Operations Conference, 22 – 24 Jul. 2014, Bristol, United Kingdom.

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Abstract

In the present work natural laminar flow (NLF) and hybrid laminar flow (HLF) wing designs are presented which were obtained by combining new methodologies with experience and knowledge obtained with traditional laminar wing design methods. The NLF wing design is performed for wing-body configurations with backward swept wing (BSW) and forward swept wing (FSW). Initial airfoil sections were obtained by using a new sectional conical wing method, which allows the design of transonic wing sections, taking into account the effects of sweep and taper for the computational cost of a 2D method. Except for flow regions with strong 3D influence, wings constructed with these airfoils showed an acceptable large region with laminar boundary layer and small shocks at design and specified off-design conditions. For regions close to the body and the tip a 3D inverse design method was further required. For the BSW case, due to cross flow a premature transition occurred. Therefore, a HLF panel was required in order to obtain a larger laminar region. A suction distribution was obtained using the suction distribution module of the Automated Target Pressure Generator (ATPG). This generator optimises the pressure distributions in terms of minimising drag while keeping certain boundary conditions constant, e.g. lift and momentum. Using the ATPG, the laminar extent of the BSW NLF design could be further improved for the inboard wing. With the new methodologies design work was reduced. They lead to a design with reserves that allow for acceptable off-design performance qualities by keeping the wing laminar over a wide range of flight conditions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/91421/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:DLR NATURAL AND HYBRID TRANSONIC LAMINAR WING DESIGN INCORPORATING NEW METHODOLOGIES
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Streit, Thomasth.streit (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wedler, Svensven.wedler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kruse, Martinmartin.kruse (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:25 July 2014
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Natural laminar Flow NLF, hybrid laminar flow HLF, inverse design, wing design, automatic target pressure distribution.
Event Title:RAeS Advanced Aero Concepts, Design and Operations Conference
Event Location:Bristol, United Kingdom
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22 – 24 Jul. 2014
Organizer:Royal Aeronautical Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Transport Aircraft
Deposited By: Streit, Dr.rer.nat. Thomas
Deposited On:12 Nov 2014 09:09
Last Modified:12 Nov 2014 09:09

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