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Crack propagation in tailored welded blanks joined by friction stir welding

Schwinn, Julian and Besel, Michael and Alfaro Mercado, Ulises (2014) Crack propagation in tailored welded blanks joined by friction stir welding. International Conference on Fatigue Damage of Structural Materials X, 21.-26. Sep. 2014, Hyannis, MA, USA.

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Abstract

Tailored Welded Blanks (TWB) offer utilization of material properties appropriate to loading conditions in structural parts and thus provide high potential for weight savings. Friction stir welding (FSW) is generally accepted as a joining method with minimal negative effects on the mechanical properties of high strength aluminum alloys. For aircraft applications in particular fatigue properties and crack growth behavior are important design criteria and therefore have to be studied. AlMgSc-sheets of different thicknesses were joined by FSW to provide TWBs with a pronounced thickness transition. As cutting of FSW joints usually affects residual stresses, single edge notch tension (SENT) specimens were used to study crack propagation behavior in full size FSW TWB as applied in this work. Crack propagation tests were performed for base metal as well as FSW TWBs. Local stress intensity factors (SIF) were calculated using 3D finite element models. Non-uniform displacements of the clamping devices during fatigue experiments were measured with an optical deformation measurement system. Subsequently, these data were used to define realistic boundary conditions in the corresponding simulations. Residual stresses along the crack path and associated distortions of the FSW TWB were measured using the cut compliance method and the optical deformation measurement system. The resulting stress fields were used to calculate corrected SIFs and to study their effect on crack propagation under fatigue loading. The thickness transition in TWBs accounts for locally reduced SIFs resulting in decreased crack propagation rates. Non-uniform displacements of the clamps during SENT specimen testing additionally affect the SIFs. The consideration of these geometrical and experimental features in the 3D simulations in combination with residual stress and distortion allows for the determination of crack propagation rates as a function of SIFs. Finally, crack propagation under fatigue loading can be studied for TWBs with various thickness transitions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/91223/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Crack propagation in tailored welded blanks joined by friction stir welding
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schwinn, Julianjulian.schwinn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Besel, Michaelmichael.besel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Alfaro Mercado, Ulisesulises.alfaro (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:25 September 2014
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Weld effects, Linear elastic fracture mechanics, Friction Stir Welding, Residual Stress
Event Title:International Conference on Fatigue Damage of Structural Materials X
Event Location:Hyannis, MA, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21.-26. Sep. 2014
Organizer:Elsevier
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Structures and Materials
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Metallic Structures and Hybrid Material Systems
Deposited By: Schwinn, Julian
Deposited On:04 Nov 2014 14:47
Last Modified:10 Dec 2014 13:47

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