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From global to regional scale: Impact of road traffic emissions on tropospheric ozone

Mertens, Mariano and Tsati, Eleni and Kerkweg, Astrid and Grewe, Volker and Jöckel, Patrick (2014) From global to regional scale: Impact of road traffic emissions on tropospheric ozone. CLM Community Assembly 2014, 2-5.9.2014, Frankfurt a. M.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Road traffic is an important source of anthropogenic emissions. Especially the emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) are important, as they are precursors for the formation of ozone within the troposphere. This process of ozone formation is strongly non-linear. For example the efficiency of ozone formation depends strongly on the available amount of NOx. Therefore the amount of ozone production between rural and urban areas can differ significantly. But in current global chemistry-climate-models (CCM) with resolutions around 2° most urban areas can not be resolved explicitly, which may lead to a mixing of emissions from rural and urban areas within a grid box. Therefore an increased resolution of chemistry-climate-models is desirable to account for such regional effects. For this reason we investigate the impact of road traffic emissions with the MECO(n) model-system (MESSyfied ECHAM and COSMO models nested n-times). This model system couples the regional scale chemistry-climate system COSMO/MESSy (in one direction) with the global chemistry-climate system EMAC. This model-chain is as consistent as possible using the same atmospheric chemistry module MECCA and diagnostic methods on the global and regional scale. The coupling is done on-line allowing us to provide new boundary-conditions for dynamical and chemical fields every timestep of the global model. To quantify the effects of the road traffic emissions on the tropospheric ozone we use a detailed ozone diagnostic called "tagging" method. This method is an accounting system following the reaction pathways of the different species from the different sources, accounting for the nonlinearity of the chemistry. In addition also sensitivity experiments with different emissions databases (perturbation approach) are planned. Due to our consistent model chain we are able to compare directly our results on the global and the regional scale. Therefore we can quantify the effects of the horizontal resolution and analyze, if such increased resolutions are important for detailed ozone diagnostics. We present first results of our simulations focusing on the different effects on the global and the regional scale.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/91158/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:From global to regional scale: Impact of road traffic emissions on tropospheric ozone
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Mertens, MarianoDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Tsati, EleniDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Kerkweg, AstridJohannes-Gutenberg Univ., MainzUNSPECIFIED
Grewe, VolkerDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Jöckel, PatrickDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Unpublished
Keywords:Verkehr, Emissionen, MESSy, MECO(n), Tagging
Event Title:CLM Community Assembly 2014
Event Location:Frankfurt a. M.
Event Type:Other
Event Dates:2-5.9.2014
Organizer:LOEWE Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Deposited By: Mertens, Mariano
Deposited On:22 Oct 2014 10:24
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:48

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