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Function-Structure Interdependence of Passenger Air Transportation: Application of a Systemic Approach

Lehner, Stephan and Gollnick, Volker (2014) Function-Structure Interdependence of Passenger Air Transportation: Application of a Systemic Approach. In: AIAA AVIATION 2014 -14th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference 2014. 14th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, 2014-06-16 - 2014-06-20, Atlanta, USA. doi: 10.2514/6.2014-3268.

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This paper presents a systemic approach that combines ideas from system science, system engineering and complex networks theory to analyze the nature of passenger air transportation. Two fundamental properties of a system are function and structure. The function of air transport is to transport passengers from origin to destination, and the structure is how this function is provided, i.e. the flight network. Finding an appropriate approach to study the interdependence between function and structure is of prime importance when investigating complex systems such as air transportation. For this task, a conceptual multi-layered network model, called the Z- model, helps in ordering different system viewpoints. The model places function and structure on different layers of interest. It also distinguishes between a latent function, an inherent internal structure and the coupled realized function-structure layers. The latter is the main focus of this paper and it is shown that this part of the system can either be understood as a bi-level network or a set of network paths. The Z- model provides a framework to interpret real world system peculiarities that includes static properties, temporal integration and airline operational relationships. The use case here is Intra-North American passenger air transport. It is found that during the last ten year, the temporal detour of passengers on markets with long travel time improved at the cost of temporal detour of passengers with lower travel time. This is in part attributed to an increase in directness and the changed collaboration behavior of airlines. An airport centrality metric that takes function-structure interdependence into account can help explain anomalies found in previous investigations of air transportation as a complex system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/89918/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Function-Structure Interdependence of Passenger Air Transportation: Application of a Systemic Approach
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:June 2014
Journal or Publication Title:AIAA AVIATION 2014 -14th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference 2014
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Air Transportation, Complex Network, Complex System, Travel Time, Collaboration, Competition
Event Title:14th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference
Event Location:Atlanta, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:16 June 2014
Event End Date:20 June 2014
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Concepts and Operation (old)
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Air Transport Operations
Air Transport Operations > System Analysis Air Transport
Deposited By: Lehner, Stephan
Deposited On:28 Jul 2014 08:39
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:55

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