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The MESSy aerosol submodel MADE3 (v2.0b): description and a box model test

Kaiser, Jan Christopher and Hendricks, Johannes and Righi, Mattia and Riemer, Nicole and Zaveri, Rahul A. and Metzger, Swen and Aquila, Valentina (2014) The MESSy aerosol submodel MADE3 (v2.0b): description and a box model test. Geoscientific Model Development, 7 (3), pp. 1137-1157. Copernicus Publications. doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-1137-2014. ISSN 1991-959X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-1137-2014


We introduce MADE3 (Modal Aerosol Dynamics model for Europe, adapted for global applications, 3rd generation; version: MADE3v2.0b), an aerosol dynamics submodel for application within the MESSy framework (Modular Earth Submodel System). MADE3 builds on the predecessor aerosol submodels MADE and MADE-in. Its main new features are the explicit representation of coarse mode particle interactions both with other particles and with condensable gases, and the inclusion of hydrochloric acid (HCl) / chloride (Cl) partitioning between the gas and condensed phases. The aerosol size distribution is represented in the new submodel as a superposition of nine lognormal modes: one for fully soluble particles, one for insoluble particles, and one for mixed particles in each of three size ranges (Aitken, accumulation, and coarse mode size ranges). In order to assess the performance of MADE3 we compare it to its predecessor MADE and to the much more detailed particle-resolved aerosol model PartMC-MOSAIC in a box model simulation of an idealised marine boundary layer test case. MADE3 and MADE results are very similar, except in the coarse mode, where the aerosol is dominated by sea spray particles. Cl is reduced in MADE3 with respect to MADE due to the HCl / Cl partitioning that leads to Cl removal from the sea spray aerosol in our test case. Additionally, the aerosol nitrate concentration is higher in MADE3 due to the condensation of nitric acid on coarse mode particles. MADE3 and PartMC-MOSAIC show substantial differences in the fine particle size distributions (sizes ≲ 2 μm) that could be relevant when simulating climate effects on a global scale. Nevertheless, the agreement between MADE3 and PartMC-MOSAIC is very good when it comes to coarse particle size distributions (sizes ≳ 2 μm), and also in terms of aerosol composition. Considering these results and the well-established ability of MADE in reproducing observed aerosol loadings and composition, MADE3 seems suitable for application within a global model.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/89566/
Document Type:Article
Title:The MESSy aerosol submodel MADE3 (v2.0b): description and a box model test
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Riemer, NicoleDept. of Atmos. Scienc., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zaveri, Rahul A.Pacific Northwest Nat. Lab., Richland, WA USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Metzger, SwenMax Planck Institut für Chemie, MainzUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Aquila, ValentinaGESTAR, John Hopkins Uni., Baltimore, MD, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Geoscientific Model Development
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1137-1157
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
Keywords:atmosphere, aerosol, model, coarse mode
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Earth System Modelling
Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Deposited By: Kaiser, Christopher
Deposited On:10 Jul 2014 08:37
Last Modified:29 Nov 2023 08:38

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