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Individualism in Global Airspace - User-Preferred Trajectories in Future ATM

Kuenz, Alexander and Schwoch, Gunnar and Wolter, Franz-Erich (2013) Individualism in Global Airspace - User-Preferred Trajectories in Future ATM. In: Proc. IEEE/AIAA 32nd Digital Avionics Systems Conf. DASC 2013. 32nd DASC 2012, 2013-10-06 - 2013-10-10, Syracuse, NY, USA. doi: 10.1109/DASC.2013.6712525.

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Both future air traffic management programs SESAR and NextGen foresee trajectory based operations as one of the major enablers for more efficient handling of air traffic. Furthermore, both initiatives claim to support user preferred trajectories. Using a common airspace it is unlikely to get a conflict-free scenario from independently optimized preferred trajectories. This paper investigates if the concept of user preferred trajectories is feasible, and what constraints are necessary to reach a conflict-free global scenario. Restricting aircraft’s trajectories a priori by forcing them to fly on pre-defined en-route segments, respect semi-circular routes, or apply given departure and arrival times reduces the achievable efficiency, but helps to avoid conflicts and keep the concept simple. On the other hand, trying to combine independently optimized trajectories to a full traffic scenario needs a lot of adaptations to achieve conflict-free operations. Even though the good answer to a problem lies often in-between the extreme solutions, this paper investigates the second approach. Based on a real day of actual traffic over Europe, an optimized sample is generated applying user’s preferred trajectory for each flight. Based on an individually optimized traffic scenario yielding nearly 29,000 conflicts, strategic resolution is performed generating least possible penalties for involved aircraft. The main technique of solving conflicts applied is shifting whole flights in time by a few minutes. Direct and recursive algorithms are presented; a focus is put on solving airport-related conflicts first. The efficiency of the original optimized scenario stays untouched, as lateral, vertical, and speed profiles remain identical; flights are only rescheduled to a slightly earlier or later departure (and arrival) slot in order to minimize conflicts. More than 94% of all conflicts can be solved by shifting whole flights in time respecting a maximum offset of 10 minutes. In a subsequent step, lateral and vertical maneuvers are facilitated; resulting in a resolution for more than 97% of all conflicts.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88426/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:referiertes Paper
Title:Individualism in Global Airspace - User-Preferred Trajectories in Future ATM
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Kuenz, AlexanderUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5192-8894UNSPECIFIED
Schwoch, GunnarUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7507-7131UNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2013
Journal or Publication Title:Proc. IEEE/AIAA 32nd Digital Avionics Systems Conf. DASC 2013
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Conflict Detection, Conflict Resolution, User-Preferred Trajectories,
Event Title:32nd DASC 2012
Event Location:Syracuse, NY, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:6 October 2013
Event End Date:10 October 2013
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Concepts and Operation (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Kuenz, Dr. Alexander
Deposited On:04 Mar 2014 09:06
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:54

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