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Visual Analysis of TerraSAR-X Backscatter Imagery for Archaeological Prospection

Linck, Roland and Busche, Thomas and Buckreuss, Stefan (2014) Visual Analysis of TerraSAR-X Backscatter Imagery for Archaeological Prospection. Photogrammetrie Fernerkundung Geoinformation, 2014 (1), pp. 55-65. E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung. doi: 10.1127/1432-8364/2014/0209. ISSN 1432-8364.

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Official URL: http://www.schweizerbart.de/


The use of satellite radar widens the possibilities of archaeological prospection extremely. The resolution of the available sensors however was quite limited until now and only the detection of huge upstanding monuments or cultural landscapes was possible. The launch of TerraSAR-X, a German radar satellite in 2007, however, now offers a resolution of up to 1 m, which is required as a minimum for detecting small archaeological remains. Whereas upstanding monuments are clearly identifiable, it was still uncertain, whether the used high-frequency X-band waves of TerraSAR-X could penetrate the soil and provide information on buried archaeology as well. This paper shows the results of two test sites in Syria and Italy. Both of them have in common that there are extensive surveys by ground-based geophysical surveys with magnetometry and ground-penetrating radar, which provide information on the buried archaeological remains. By a detailed visual comparison of these results with the TerraSAR-X data, we can prove that there is a slight penetration depth of a few decimetres.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/88129/
Document Type:Article
Title:Visual Analysis of TerraSAR-X Backscatter Imagery for Archaeological Prospection
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Linck, RolandBavarian State Dept. for Monuments and Sites, Ref. ZII Archaeological Prospection, Hofgraben 4, 80539 Munich, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Photogrammetrie Fernerkundung Geoinformation
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 55-65
Publisher:E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Series Name:Photogrammetrie - Fernerkundung - Geoinformation (PFG)
Keywords:TerraSAR-X, SAR, satellite radar, archaeological prospection, synthetic aperture, radar
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt TerraSAR-X Kalibration und Projektunterstützung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Microwaves and Radar Institute > Radar Concepts
Deposited By: Buckreuss, Dr.-Ing. Stefan
Deposited On:13 Feb 2014 19:29
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:47

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