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Ultrasound Imaging as a Human-Machine Interface in a Realistic Scenario

Castellini, Claudio and Sierra González, David (2013) Ultrasound Imaging as a Human-Machine Interface in a Realistic Scenario. In: IEEE RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 1486-1492. IEEE. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Tokyo, Japan.

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Official URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6696545

Abstract

Medical ultrasound imaging is a widespread highresolution (both spatial and temporal) method to gather live images of the interior of the human body. Its potential as a human-machine interface for the disabled — amputees in particular — is being explored in the rehabilitation robotics community. Following up the recent discovery that first-order spatial features of the ultrasound images of the human forearm are linearly related to the hand configuration, we hereby push the approach to a realistic scenario. We show that an extremely simple calibration procedure can be used to obtain a linear regression system which will effectively predict the forces required by a human subject at the fingertips, using live ultrasound images of the forearm. In particular, the system can be trained on minimum and maximum forces only, thereby dramatically shortening the calibration phase; and it will generalise to intermediate force values. This phenomenon is uniform across 5 intact subjects whom we examined in a controlled experiment. Moreover, it is not necessary to use any force sensor, as learningby-imitation, namely using a visual stimulus, yields similar results. This result is particularly useful in the case of amputees, who normally cannot perform graded-force tasks as proprioception may be lost since decades. Applications of this system include, among others: advanced prosthetics, phantom pain therapy and smart teleoperation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/87279/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Ultrasound Imaging as a Human-Machine Interface in a Realistic Scenario
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Castellini, Claudioclaudio.castellini (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sierra González, Daviddavid.sierragonzalez (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1486-1492
Publisher:IEEE
Status:Published
Keywords:ultrasound imaging, rehabilitation robotics, machine learning, prosthetics
Event Title:IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)
Event Location:Tokyo, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Multisensorielle Weltmodellierung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics (since 2013) > Perception and Cognition
Deposited By: Castellini, Dr. Claudio
Deposited On:08 Jan 2014 10:55
Last Modified:09 Feb 2017 19:19

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