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Ultrasound Imaging as a Human-Machine Interface in a Realistic Scenario

Castellini, Claudio und Sierra González, David (2013) Ultrasound Imaging as a Human-Machine Interface in a Realistic Scenario. In: IEEE RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Seiten 1486-1492. IEEE. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Tokyo, Japan.

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Offizielle URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6696545

Kurzfassung

Medical ultrasound imaging is a widespread highresolution (both spatial and temporal) method to gather live images of the interior of the human body. Its potential as a human-machine interface for the disabled — amputees in particular — is being explored in the rehabilitation robotics community. Following up the recent discovery that first-order spatial features of the ultrasound images of the human forearm are linearly related to the hand configuration, we hereby push the approach to a realistic scenario. We show that an extremely simple calibration procedure can be used to obtain a linear regression system which will effectively predict the forces required by a human subject at the fingertips, using live ultrasound images of the forearm. In particular, the system can be trained on minimum and maximum forces only, thereby dramatically shortening the calibration phase; and it will generalise to intermediate force values. This phenomenon is uniform across 5 intact subjects whom we examined in a controlled experiment. Moreover, it is not necessary to use any force sensor, as learningby-imitation, namely using a visual stimulus, yields similar results. This result is particularly useful in the case of amputees, who normally cannot perform graded-force tasks as proprioception may be lost since decades. Applications of this system include, among others: advanced prosthetics, phantom pain therapy and smart teleoperation.

ID-Nummer des Eintrags:87279
Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Titel:Ultrasound Imaging as a Human-Machine Interface in a Realistic Scenario
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Castellini, Claudioclaudio.castellini (at) dlr.deNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Sierra González, Daviddavid.sierragonzalez (at) dlr.deNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2013
Erschienen in:IEEE RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Seitenbereich:Seiten 1486-1492
Verlag:IEEE
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:ultrasound imaging, rehabilitation robotics, machine learning, prosthetics
Veranstaltungstitel:IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)
Veranstaltungsort:Tokyo, Japan
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Vorhaben Multisensorielle Weltmodellierung
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Robotik und Mechatronik (ab 2013) > Perzeption und Kognition
Hinterlegt von: Castellini, Dr. Claudio
Hinterlegt am:08 Jan 2014 10:55
Letzte Änderung:09 Feb 2017 19:19

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