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The CellFlux storage concept for cost reduction in parabolic trough solar thermal power plants

Odenthal, Christian and Steinmann, Wolf-Dieter and Eck, Markus and Laing, Doerte (2013) The CellFlux storage concept for cost reduction in parabolic trough solar thermal power plants. In: International Renewable Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition (IRES). International Renewable Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition, 18-20 Nov 2013, Berlin.

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Abstract

Although facility scale thermal energy storage of sensible heat in the range of 200-600°C has achieved a high maturity, state-of-the-art approaches are still not very cost effective. An innovative storage concept is thus proposed here that avoids the two major cost-driving factors of the concrete storage and 2-tank molten salt systems. First, the storage volume is comprised of low-cost sensible storage material such as concrete, natural stone or clinker bricks. These materials are several times cheaper than eutectic salt mixtures used in the 2-tank-storage system. Secondly, the system uses an intermediate air cycle, allowing for direct contact with the storage material. The necessary heat exchanger for transferring the heat from the primary oil loop to the intermediate air cycle consists of significantly less steel compared to the tube register inside the concrete storage. All components are kept in close proximity inside an enclosed loop, thus avoiding long flow lengths and keeping parasitic losses within a reasonable range. Preliminary investigations have shown that the overall performance and profitability of the storage system are closely linked to the thermal efficiency and pressure drop of the heat exchanger, the effectiveness of the storage, as well as the operation strategy. To demonstrate the feasibility of the storage concept and to investigate its performance characteristic under realistic conditions, a pilot scale test facility has been set up. In parallel, dynamic models of the storage system and a SEGS-like solar thermal power plant have been implemented in a Matlab/Simulink environment to analyze its performance theoretically. Experimental data is also used for model validation. The conference presentation gives a detailed overview of potential configurations and their dynamic behavior. Furthermore, first experimental results of the demonstration facility are presented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/86312/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The CellFlux storage concept for cost reduction in parabolic trough solar thermal power plants
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Odenthal, ChristianTTUNSPECIFIED
Steinmann, Wolf-DieterTTUNSPECIFIED
Eck, MarkusTTUNSPECIFIED
Laing, DoerteTTUNSPECIFIED
Date:19 November 2013
Journal or Publication Title:International Renewable Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition (IRES)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Odenthal, Christianchristian.odenthal@dlr.de
Steinmann, Wolf-Dieterwolf.steinmann@dlr.de
Eck, Markusmarkus.eck@dlr.de
Laing, Doertedoerte.laing@dlr.de
Status:Published
Keywords:Wärmespeicher, CellFlux, packed bed, thermal energy storage
Event Title:International Renewable Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition
Event Location:Berlin
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:18-20 Nov 2013
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Energy-efficient Processes (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemische Prozesse (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: Odenthal, Christian
Deposited On:09 Dec 2013 14:03
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:43

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