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Indoor Positioning using Time Difference of Arrival between Multipath Components

Gentner, Christian and Jost, Thomas (2014) Indoor Positioning using Time Difference of Arrival between Multipath Components. In: 2013 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN). IPIN 2013, Montbeliard, Frankreich.

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Abstract

Positioning is next to communication the most important field of applications for wireless radio transmissions. This paper considers indoor positioning using wireless signals. Especially in indoor scenarios, multipath reception degrades the accuracy of the positioning device as long as the receiver is based on standard methods. Strategies to mitigate multipath effects on range estimates are in general based on the estimation of the channel impulse response (CIR). All these methods have in common that they determine the CIR in order to remove the influence on the estimate of the line-of-sight path delay. This paper focuses on multipath aided positioning by using the time difference of arrival between multipath components (TDoAoMC). Hence, the paper uses the multipath propagation of the wireless signal to allow positioning in cases of a insufficient number of transmitters or increase the accuracy otherwise. Measurements with a moving receive antenna showed, that multipath components are visible for several meters of receiver movement. To estimate and track the time-variant multipath components of the received signal, the paper uses a Kalman filter which utilizes maximum likelihood estimates as measurements. For positioning, the novel approach treats multipath components as signals from virtual transmitters which are time synchronized to the physical transmitter and fixed in their position. Therefore, using multipath components, positioning with only one physical transmitter is possible. Additionally, using a time difference of arrival approach, the estimation of the user clock bias is not necessary. To use the information of the multipath components, the positioning algorithm has to estimate the user position and the position of the virtual transmitters simultaneously. Furthermore, the new approach does not rely on any prior information such as the room layout or a database for fingerprinting.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/84516/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Indoor Positioning using Time Difference of Arrival between Multipath Components
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gentner, ChristianChristian.Gentner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jost, Thomasthomas.jost (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:17 July 2014
Journal or Publication Title:2013 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Status:Published
Keywords:TDoA, SLAM, Multipath Aided Positioning, Positioning, Wireless signals
Event Title:IPIN 2013
Event Location:Montbeliard, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben GNSS2/Neue Dienste und Produkte
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Gentner, Christian
Deposited On:17 Jul 2014 09:44
Last Modified:09 Feb 2018 09:00

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