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First results of an airborne release of volcanic ash for testing of volcanic ash plume measurement instruments

Weber, K. and Fischer, C. and Vogel, A. and Pohl, T. and Boehlke, C. and Lau, Hendrik and Eliasson, J. and Palsson, T. (2013) First results of an airborne release of volcanic ash for testing of volcanic ash plume measurement instruments. In: Proceedings of Energy and Environment 2013, Rhodos, Greece. Energy and Environment, 15.-17. Juli 2013, Rhodos, Griechenland.

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Abstract

The eruption of the Icelandic volcanoes Eyjafjallajökull 2010 and Grimsvötn 2011 caused significant disruptions of the air traffic over Europe. The airspace of nearly whole Europe was closed for about a week in spring 2010 during the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull. This caused an economic damage of several billion Euros. About one year later, in spring 2011, the Grimsvötn volcano erupted on Iceland. Because of this eruption the airports of many countries in North Europe were closed and caused therefore problems for the international air traffic as well. At the time of the Eyjafjallajökull eruption the decision of the legal authorities about the airspace closure were mainly based on the volcanic ash plume predictions of the Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) in UK, which were gained by a numerical ash dispersion model. However, as it turned out later on, evidently the VAAC ash dispersion model could not always predict the dispersion of the ash plume precisely. Therfore the decision was taken to add so-called second sources of information like groundbased and airborne measurements of the volcanic ash plume as well as satellite observations for getting a more precise picture of the ash plume spread and concentration. However, at that point the question arises, how the accuracy of these measurement methods can be assured. Therefore in this paper a procedure is described for the production of an artificial ash plume, which is released from an aircraft. This ash plume simulates on a small scale the real world ash plume of a volcanic eruption. By these means systems for the measurement of ash can be tested and calibrated in a new and innovative way.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/83221/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:First results of an airborne release of volcanic ash for testing of volcanic ash plume measurement instruments
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Weber, K.Fachhochschule DüsseldorfUNSPECIFIED
Fischer, C.Fachhochschule DüsseldorfUNSPECIFIED
Vogel, A.Fachhochschule DüsseldorfUNSPECIFIED
Pohl, T.Fachhochschule DüsseldorfUNSPECIFIED
Boehlke, C.Fachhochschule DüsseldorfUNSPECIFIED
Lau, Hendrikhendrik.lau (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Eliasson, J.University of IcelandUNSPECIFIED
Palsson, T.Reykjavik UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 July 2013
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of Energy and Environment 2013, Rhodos, Greece
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:volcano, ash plume, aircraft measurements, ash particle measurement systems, research aircraft
Event Title:Energy and Environment
Event Location:Rhodos, Griechenland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:15.-17. Juli 2013
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Propulsion Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L ER - Engine Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Turbine Technologies (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > High Temperature and Functional Coatings
Deposited By: Lau, Hendrik
Deposited On:24 Jul 2013 11:38
Last Modified:18 Nov 2014 07:55

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