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Integrated geophysical prospection by high-resolution optical satellite images, Synthetic Aperture Radar and magnetometry at the example of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Palmyra (Syria)

Linck, Roland and Fassbinder, Jörg W.E. and Buckreuss, Stefan (2012) Integrated geophysical prospection by high-resolution optical satellite images, Synthetic Aperture Radar and magnetometry at the example of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Palmyra (Syria). In: Proceedings (CD-ROM, Volume 7) of Archaeology and Geoinformatics, 7, pp. 1-26. Archaeology and Geoinformatics, 2013-05-23 - 2013-05-26, Moscow, Russia.

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Abstract

Palmyra, the famous ancient caravan city in the Syrian dessert, offers unique and ideal conditions for the application of geophysical prospection methods because the archaeological remains are buried only by a thin layer of sand and the limestone walls offer a good physical contrast to the surrounding material. We performed integrated geophysical surveys by magnetometry, resistivity prospection, satellite radar and optical satellite images to get a detailed high-resolution plan of this important UNESCO World Heritage site. Today Palmyra mainly is known by its famous Roman ruins that are preserved still upstanding in wide parts, however in 1997/98 we were able to detect the hitherto unknown Hellenistic part of the city by magnetometry and prove the long time assumption of its location in the southern part of the town. A detailed map of its layout could be drawn after our results. Since 2011 we are surveying the whole city with the most high-resolution spaceborne sensors available at the moment: the optical satellites QuickBird and WorldView-2 and the German radar satellite TerraSAR-X. The recent analysis of these images provided further so far unknown buried archaeological structures.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/83126/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Poster)
Title:Integrated geophysical prospection by high-resolution optical satellite images, Synthetic Aperture Radar and magnetometry at the example of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Palmyra (Syria)
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Linck, RolandBavarian State Department for Monuments and Sites, MunichUNSPECIFIED
Fassbinder, Jörg W.E.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Geophysics, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, MunichUNSPECIFIED
Buckreuss, StefanDLR, HRUNSPECIFIED
Date:2012
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings (CD-ROM, Volume 7) of Archaeology and Geoinformatics
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:7
Page Range:pp. 1-26
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Russian Academy of Science, UNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:Remote Sensing; SAR, Synthetic Aperture Radar, TerraSAR-X, WorldView-2, QuickBird, magnetometry, resistivity prospection, geophysical prospection, Palmyra, Syria, Roman, Hellenistic
Event Title:Archaeology and Geoinformatics
Event Location:Moscow, Russia
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2013-05-23 - 2013-05-26
Organizer:Russian Academy of Science
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt TerraSAR-X Missionsbetrieb (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute
Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Deposited By: Buckreuss, Dr.-Ing. Stefan
Deposited On:01 Jul 2013 15:29
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:41

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