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Simulating bistable perception with periodically interrupted ambiguous stimulus using percept choice bifurcation with stochastic self-oscillator dynamics

Fürstenau, Norbert and Mittendorf, Monika (2013) Simulating bistable perception with periodically interrupted ambiguous stimulus using percept choice bifurcation with stochastic self-oscillator dynamics. In: Proc.. Neurosciences Research Foundation. ASSC 17, Annual Meeting 2013, 12. - 15. Juli 2013, San Diego.

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Abstract

Formal modeling of cognitive bistability (e.g.[1][2]) is an interesting problem because a constant stimulus (e.g. the Necker cube) excites quasi periodic alternations between only two well defined perception states. Periodic stimulus–off switching (toff < 1 s, ton = 300 ms) was introduced by Orbach et al. [3] as experimental paradigm to get more insight into the underlying perceptual dynamics. Their Necker cube experiments showed a maximum of the percept reversal rate R at Rmax  36 min-1 and toff  200 ms which was confirmed by recent experiments [4]. Noest et al. [5] demonstrated with a low level neural activation model [6] that a bifurcation of the percept choice dynamics during the ambiguous-stimulus on-off switching dominates the statistics of the reversal time series. Our simulations based on a macroscopic (behavioral) dynamics model [7][8] (similar to [1]) support this finding and show that the measured R vs. toff-time characteristics can be fitted with only few model parameters: attention (= adaptive feedback gain) fatigue time constant = 1 – 2 s, feedback delay T = 40 ms, gain-noise power J. Synchronisation of attention fatigue induced self-oscillations (yielding inter-stimulus transition time TTr  4 – 5 T) with stimulus-onset induced percept bifurcation appears to determine the reversal rates and the toff-value at Rmax. A linear approximation allows for an estimate of the cognitive damping time constant (v ≈ 1 s) which by use of the Fluctuation-Dissipation theorem via Jdefines an index of cognitive inertia (suggested in [8]) as crucial parameter of the simulated dynamics. [1] Ditzinger, T., Haken, H. (1989). Oscillations in the Perception of Ambiguous Patterns. Biol. Cybern. ( 61) 279-287 [2] Huys, R,, Jirsa, V.K. (2010): Nonlinear Dynamics in Human Behavior. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelber. [3] Orbach. J., Zucker, E., Olson, R. (1966). Reversibility of the Necker Cube: VII. Reversal rate as a function of figure-on and figure-off durations. Percept. Motor Skills (22), 615-618 [4] Kornmeier, J., Ehm, W. Bigalke, H., Bach, M. (2007): Discontinuous presentation of ambiguous figures: How interstimulus-interval durations affect reversal dynamics and ERP’s. Psychophysiology, 44, 552-560 [5] Noest, A.J., van Ee, R., Nijs, M.M., van Wezel, R.J.A. (2007) Percept-choice sequences driven by interrupted ambiguous stimuli: A low-level neural model. J of Vision 7, 1-14 [6] Amari, S. (1977): Dynamics of pattern formation in lateral-inhibition type neural fields. Biological Cybernetics vol. 27, 77-87 [7] Fürstenau, Norbert (2010). A nonlinear dynamics model for simulating long range correlations of cognitive multistability. Biol. Cybern., vol. 103. (3) 175-198 [8] Gao, J.B., Merk, I., Tung W. W., Billok V., White, K.D., Harris J G, Roychowdhury V P. (2006). Inertia and memory in visual perception. Cogn. Processing vol. 7 105-112

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/82372/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information:Referiertes Abstract.
Title:Simulating bistable perception with periodically interrupted ambiguous stimulus using percept choice bifurcation with stochastic self-oscillator dynamics
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fürstenau, Norbertnorbert.fuerstenau (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mittendorf, Monikamonika.mittendorf (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2013
Journal or Publication Title:Proc.
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Edelman, DavidNeurosciences Institute
Vul, EdwardNeurosciences Neurosciences Institute
Publisher:Neurosciences Research Foundation
Status:Accepted
Keywords:bistable perception, interrupted stimulus, cognitive modeling, nonlinear dynamics, fatigue, onset dynamics, numerical simulation, order parameter, control parameter, feedback, stationay states, noise, Langevin force, fluctuation-dissipation theorem
Event Title:ASSC 17, Annual Meeting 2013
Event Location:San Diego
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12. - 15. Juli 2013
Organizer:Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control
Deposited By: Fürstenau, Dr.phil.nat. Norbert
Deposited On:23 May 2013 12:24
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:40

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