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Demonstration of Satellites Enabling the Insertion of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Europe

Schmitt, Dirk-Roger and Morlang, Frank and Hesselink, Henk H. (2013) Demonstration of Satellites Enabling the Insertion of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Europe. In: Proc. 4th CEAS Air and Space Conference. 4th CEAS Air and Space Conference, Linköping.

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Abstract

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) gain increasing interest and use for civil applications. However, regulation for integration in airspace is not harmonised in Europe. Also flying beyond the line of sight (BLOS) is only possible by use of command & control communication through a reliable relay system. The ESA project DESIRE (Demonstration of Satellites Enabling the Insertion of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Europe), investigated to fly an UAS as IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) traffic within national borders in controlled, non-segregated airspace by communication link via satellites. A real-time man-in-the-loop simulation environment has been set-up, where real air traffic controllers, a real pilot (for other traffic), and a pilot at an UAS ground control station (GCS) participated to evaluate the concept. Several representative scenarios were evaluated, including emergency situations. Also the additional work load brought to air traffic controllers was investigated using the NASA TLX method. We have shown that integration of UAS in controlled airspace is a feasible concept. Air traffic controllers indicated that control of the UAS did not differ significantly from control of other, manned aircraft, although at the beginning a slightly increased workload was observed. We have also demonstrated that UAS emergency procedures can be designed equivalent to those of manned aircraft, such that the air traffic controller will understand and is able to predict the behaviour of the UAS in several loss-of-satellite-communication situations. The simulations paved the way for real flight demonstrations with a Male UAV in non-segregated airspace in 2013.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/81484/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:referiertes Abstract
Title:Demonstration of Satellites Enabling the Insertion of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Europe
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schmitt, Dirk-RogerAT-One/DLRUNSPECIFIED
Morlang, FrankAT-One/DLRUNSPECIFIED
Hesselink, Henk H.AT-One/NLRUNSPECIFIED
Date:2013
Journal or Publication Title:Proc. 4th CEAS Air and Space Conference
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Unmanned Aircraft, UAS, RPAS, Remotely Piloted Aircraft System, Simulation, Airspace
Event Title:4th CEAS Air and Space Conference
Event Location:Linköping
Event Type:international Conference
Organizer:16.-19. Oct. 2013
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control
Deposited By: Schmitt, Dr.-Ing. Dirk-Roger
Deposited On:22 Aug 2013 12:33
Last Modified:08 May 2014 23:23

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