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Contributing Human Factors in German Level Crossing Accidents

Grippenkoven, Jan and Giesemann, Sonja and Dietsch, Sandra (2012) Contributing Human Factors in German Level Crossing Accidents. In: Proceedings of the 30th European Annual Conference on Human Decision-Marking and Manual Control Berichte aus dem DLR-Institut für Verkehrssystemtechnik, 19. pp. 97-107. ISSN 1866-721X.

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“Level crossings should consistently be designed in a way, that the priority of the rail transport over road traffic becomes clearly visible.” To fulfil this requirement as stated in the safety guidelines of the Deutsche Bahn, level crossings in Germany are equipped with different combinations of roadside signs, light signals and barriers, to emphasise the priority of crossing trains over road traffic users. Nevertheless, the right of way of the rail transport seems not always to be obvious to road traffic users. Accidents at level crossing occur regularly, even at sites that are secured with physical barriers and light signals. Such accidents usually consist of a collision between a road user and a rail vehicle. In 94% of these cases, collisions originate from misconduct of a road traffic user. Errors of train drivers and operators or technical failures are scarce. Even though collisions at level crossings only account for a fairly small share of the total rate of road traffic accidents, these accidents are of particular relevance because of their severe consequences for property and persons. In order to understand why such a large portion of collisions is caused by road traffic users despite the safety measures already applied, it is necessary to examine the underlying errors depending on different configurations of railway crossings. This paper therefore systematically analyses the role of human error on the part of road traffic users at German level crossings to provide a better understanding of contributing factors in critical situations. Therefore a broad variety of documents regarding level crossing accidents was reviewed and categorised in this work.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/79494/
Document Type:Contribution to a Collection
Title:Contributing Human Factors in German Level Crossing Accidents
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Grippenkoven, JanGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Transportation SystemsUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Giesemann, SonjaGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Transportation SystemsUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 30th European Annual Conference on Human Decision-Marking and Manual Control
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 97-107
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
UNSPECIFIEDDeutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt e.V.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Berichte aus dem DLR-Institut für Verkehrssystemtechnik
Keywords:Level Crossing, Accidents, Human Factors, Human Error
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Projekt Next Generation Railway System (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Human Factors
Deposited By: Grippenkoven, Jan Daniel
Deposited On:15 Apr 2013 17:06
Last Modified:15 Apr 2013 17:06

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