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Engineering Pterosaurs - Methods and perspectives of experimental palaeontology

Frey, Eberhard and Krüger, Wolf and Hone, David and Prondvai, Edina and Elgin, Ross (2006) Engineering Pterosaurs - Methods and perspectives of experimental palaeontology. In: Abstracts of the 4th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists (EAVP). 4th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists (EAVP), 10.-15. Juli 2006, Budapest, Hungary.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Pterosaurs are unique constructions among actively flying vertebrates. Their membranous wings are supported by an independently operating tandem wing spar system. The front spar is formed by the front limbs with a hypertrophied digit, the rear spar by the hind limbs. The wing membrane itself represents a smart multilayered, elastic structure with an internal mat of aktinofibrils that warrant the stability of the profile of the membrane and prevent fluttering. Muscle sheaths below this aktinofibril mat could increase the wing camber. Furthermore the wing membranes contained structural elements for insulation and thermoregulation. Despite the profound knowledge about distribution and structure of the flight relevant surfaces, numerous attempts to apply aeronautical principles to pterosaurian constructions did not yield consistent results on their flight capabilities until today. With the discovery of new elastic and smart materials for experimental aircraft engineering, modern applications and wind tunnel experiments with life size pterosaur models made out of smart materials could result in a consistent concept of pterosaurian flight and manoeuvring capabilities, a mechanical explanation why pterosaurs could reach wingspans of more than 10 metres, why they could already fly as post-hatchlings, and why only pterosaurs developed the bottom dekker construction. Intensive discussion between engineers, vertebrate palaeontologists and biologists resulted an increasing interest of aircraft engineers in aeroelastic wing solutions, simple and effective steering mechanisms and scale constructions based on one single constructional concept. Here we present a research program for an interdisciplinary project for engineering pterosaurs with the aim, to understand the flight of pterosaurs and to make the results of pterosaur research applicable to modern aircraft engineering focussing on the extreme anatomical constraints of pterosaurian constructions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/77036/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Engineering Pterosaurs - Methods and perspectives of experimental palaeontology
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Frey, Eberharddinofrey (at) aol.comUNSPECIFIED
Krüger, Wolfwolf.krueger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hone, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Prondvai, EdinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Elgin, RossUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2006
Journal or Publication Title:Abstracts of the 4th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists (EAVP)
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Pterosaur, aircraft engineering, aeroelastic wing, palaeontology, anatomy
Event Title:4th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists (EAVP)
Event Location:Budapest, Hungary
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:10.-15. Juli 2006
Organizer:Handtken Miksa Foundation, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Eötvös University
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aeroelasticity
Deposited By: Erdmann, Daniela
Deposited On:19 Dec 2012 16:14
Last Modified:19 Dec 2012 16:14

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