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Glacier Surface Monitoring by Maximizing Mutual Information

Erten, Esra und Rossi, Cristian und Hajnsek, Irena (2012) Glacier Surface Monitoring by Maximizing Mutual Information. ISPRS 2012, Melbourne, Australia.

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The contribution of Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (PolSAR) images compared with the single-channel SAR in terms of temporal scene characterization has been found and described to add valuable information in the literature. However, despite a number of recent studies focusing on single polarized glacier monitoring, the potential of polarimetry to estimate the surface velocity of glaciers has not been explored, because the polarization effect through glacier/snow is a complex mechanism. In this paper, a new approach to the problem of monitoring glacier surface velocity is proposed by means of temporal PolSAR images, using a basic concept from information theory: Mutual Information (MI). The proposed polarimetric tracking method applies MI to measure the statistical dependence between temporal polarimetric images, which is assumed to be maximal if the images are geometrically aligned. Since the proposed polarimetric tracking method is very powerful and general, it can be implemented into any kind of multivariate remote sensing data such as multi-spectral optical and single-channel SAR images. The accuracy of the MI based polarimetric tracking is validated with ground measurements, while robustness is evaluated with respect to estimation performance including the effect of number of channels. Our results due to the ground measurements demonstrate that precise polarimetric tracking can be achieved completely automatically MI measure which makes the proposed measure well suited for operational applications. The effect of number of channel (polarimetry) investigations demonstrated that the presence of snow, as expected, effects the location of the phase center in different polarization, such as glacier tracking with temporal HH compared to temporal VV channels. Shortly, a change in polarimetric signature of the scatterer can change the phase center, causing a question of how much of what I am observing is motion and penetration. In this paper, it is shown that considering the multi channel SAR statistics, it is possible to optimize the separate these contributions. The proposed polarimetric tracking is then used to retrieve surface velocity of Aletsch glacier located in Switzerland. The performance of the resulting retrieval measures are also based on system parameters. To figure out this effect, two different SAR sensors; Envisat C-band (single polarized) and DLR airborne L-band (fully polarimetric) systems are employed.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT)
Titel:Glacier Surface Monitoring by Maximizing Mutual Information
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Seitenbereich:Seiten 41-44
Stichwörter:SAR; Glacier Monitoring; Mutual Information
Veranstaltungstitel:ISPRS 2012
Veranstaltungsort:Melbourne, Australia
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - keine Zuordnung
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Methodik der Fernerkundung > SAR-Signalverarbeitung
Hinterlegt von: Rossi, Cristian
Hinterlegt am:01 Aug 2012 09:14
Letzte Änderung:03 Apr 2013 15:19

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