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Integration of a helmet-mounted display for helicopter operations in degraded visual environment: a human factors perspective

Knabl, Patrizia and Doehler, Hans-Ullrich and Schmerwitz, Sven and Biella, Marcus (2012) Integration of a helmet-mounted display for helicopter operations in degraded visual environment: a human factors perspective. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter Annual Meeting, 2012-10-10 - 2012-10-12, Toulouse, Frankreich.

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Helicopter operations in degraded visual environment (DVE), especially brownout/whiteout landings often result in severe incidents and accidents in the civil and military field. In fact, landing in desert environment is the most dangerous aspect of flying in combat helicopters according to the USAF. The integration of a helmet-mounted display (HMD) can help the pilot to maintain situation awareness, avoid spatial disorientation and reduce workload. Nevertheless, if not integrated properly, drawbacks (e.g. clutter, field-of-view, display latency, symbology legibility etc.) may lead to perceptual problems, attentional tunneling and wearing discomfort. In a simulator study, DLR compared three different brownout symbology sets and three display formats (HMD monocular, HMD binocular, head-down) during a DVE approach and a whiteout landing. Flight performance, situation awareness and pilot workload and were assessed. Furthermore, a detailed debriefing covered visual, perceptual and somatic aspects of helmet-mounted display use and an evaluation of the symbology sets. The paper will first discuss general human factors aspects associated with helmet-mounted displays in helicopter operations, provide an overview on symbology design considerations and finally present selected results of the conducted study.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/76069/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Integration of a helmet-mounted display for helicopter operations in degraded visual environment: a human factors perspective
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Doehler, Hans-UllrichUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5218-3887UNSPECIFIED
Schmerwitz, SvenUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9194-8838UNSPECIFIED
Biella, MarcusUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4836-4180UNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Human factors, helmet-mounted displays, helicopter operations, degraded visual environment, brownout,
Event Title:Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter Annual Meeting
Event Location:Toulouse, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:10 October 2012
Event End Date:12 October 2012
Organizer:Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Rotorcraft (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L RR - Rotorcraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - The Smart Rotorcraft (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Guidance > Pilot Assistance
Deposited By: Knabl, Dr. Patrizia
Deposited On:09 Jul 2012 13:40
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 19:42

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