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Tsunami Disaster Mitigation by Integrating Comprehensive Countermeasures in Padang City, Indonesia

Imamura, Fumihiko and Muhari, Abdul and Mas, Erick and Pradono, Mulyo Haris and Wegscheider, Stephanie and Post, Joachim and Sugimoto, Megumi (2011) Tsunami Disaster Mitigation by Integrating Comprehensive Countermeasures in Padang City, Indonesia. Journal of Disaster Research, 7 (1), pp. 48-64. Fuji Technology Press.

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Official URL: http://www.fujipress.jp/finder/xslt.php?mode=present&inputfile=DSSTR000700010006.xml


This paper describes the results of a comprehensive analysis for tsunami disaster mitigation in Padang City, Indonesia. Assessment consists of several steps, starting from the construction of tsunami hazard maps based on the most probable earthquake scenario in the future. Results are then analyzed to determine the impact on residential population along potential evacuation routes. Next, from the standpoint of hazards, we move to the analysis of human‟s vulnerability during evacuation. The term “vulnerability” is associated with available evacuation time. Here, we conducted a static evacuation model using the GIS platform and a dynamic approach using multiagent paradigm. Results of evacuation modeling suggest that some residents may not have enough time to leave the tsunami inundation area before the first wave comes. We therefore propose using relatively high buildings as vertical evacuation sites. One of potential candidates that survived from a devastated earthquake with 7.6 Mw in 2009 is selected to be further analyzed its antiseismic deficiencies based on design ground motion obtained from micro-tremor analysis and synthesized recorded wave in Padang. As a result, even though the building underwent some damage, the frame structure was able to withstand the shaking and keep the building from collapsing.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/74714/
Document Type:Article
Title:Tsunami Disaster Mitigation by Integrating Comprehensive Countermeasures in Padang City, Indonesia
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Imamura, FumihikoDisaster Control Research Center, TOHOKU University, Sendai, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Muhari, AbdulDisaster Control Research Center, TOHOKU University, Sendai, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Mas, ErickDisaster Control Research Center, TOHOKU University, Sendai, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Pradono, Mulyo HarisThe Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Jl. MH, Thamrin 8, Jakarta 10340, IndonesiaUNSPECIFIED
Wegscheider, Stephaniestephanie.wegscheider (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Post, JoachimJoachim.Post (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sugimoto, MegumiEarthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Date:16 December 2011
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Disaster Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 48-64
Publisher:Fuji Technology Press
Keywords:Tsunami hazard, tsunami casualty, evacuation model, and ground motions.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Civil Crisis Information and Geo Risks
Deposited By: Post, Dr.rer.nat. Joachim
Deposited On:31 Jan 2012 15:48
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:20

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