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Monitoring Principles in Aviation and the Importance of Operator-Redundancy

Möhlenbrink, Christoph and Wies, Matthias and Jipp, Meike (2011) Monitoring Principles in Aviation and the Importance of Operator-Redundancy. SMC 2011, 9.-12 Oct. 2011, Anchorage, Alaska.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to discuss developments in aviation with respect to their affect on redundancy and dependability of the complex human-machine system. With the improvement of technical systems and increasing automation in aviation, the attempts to reduce the number of human operators in the flight guidance system is still one goal of actual research. Single pilot cockpit or single controller working positions are the key words for pinpointing this issue. While for technical systems the developments advocate the integration of a higher level of redundancy to improve the dependability, a contrary trend is determinable for the human operator by transitioning to single operator systems. To be able to evaluate this process, this paper analyses three different monitoring principles that form the basis for redundancy and thus dependability. The monitoring principles are (A) the automation-automation, (B) the human-automation, and (C) the human-human. Research that focuses on single operator systems consequently eliminates the human-human monitoring principle. The authors argue that the consequences of this elimination are not understood so far and have great impact on the dependability of the overall system, since some highly valuable aspects of the human-human monitoring principle would be irreplaceably lost with the change to single operator systems.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/70033/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Scopus referiert: Begutachtungsstatus auf referiert in Journal gesetzt.
Title:Monitoring Principles in Aviation and the Importance of Operator-Redundancy
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Möhlenbrink, ChristophChristoph.Moehlenbrink (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wies, MatthiasMatthias.Wies (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jipp, MeikeMeike.Jipp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2011
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:single operator, redundancy, dependability, monitoring, human-automation interaction
Event Title:SMC 2011
Event Location:Anchorage, Alaska
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:9.-12 Oct. 2011
Organizer:IEEE System, Man and Cybernetics Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Möhlenbrink, Christoph
Deposited On:21 Jul 2011 11:51
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:47

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