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Evaluation of Methods for Measuring Particulate Matter Emissions from Gas Turbines

Petzold, Andreas and Marsh, Richard and Johnson, Mark and Miller, Michael and Sevcenco, Yura and Delhaye, David and Ibrahim, Amir and Williams, Paul and Bauer, Heidi and Crayford, Andrew and Bachalo, William D. and Raper, David (2011) Evaluation of Methods for Measuring Particulate Matter Emissions from Gas Turbines. Environmental Science & Technology, 45, pp. 3562-3568. American Chemical society (ACS). DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1021/es103969v

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1021/es103969v

Abstract

The project SAMPLE evaluated methods for measuring particle properties in the exhaust of aircraft engines with respect to the development of standardized operation procedures for particulate matter measurement in aviation industry. Filter-based off-line mass methods included gravimetry and chemical analysis of carbonaceous species by combustion methods. Online mass methods were based on light absorption measurement or used size distribution measurements obtained from an electrical mobility analyzer approach. Number concentrations were determined using different condensation particle counters (CPC). Total mass from filter-based methods balanced gravimetric mass within 8% error. Carbonaceous matter accounted for 70% of gravimetric mass while the remaining 30% were attributed to hydrated sulfate and noncarbonaceous organic matter fractions. Online methods were closely correlated over the entire range of emission levels studied in the tests. Elemental carbon from combustion methods and black carbon from optical methods deviated by maximum 5% with respect to mass for low to medium emission levels, whereas for high emission levels a systematic deviation between online methods and filter based methods was found which is attributed to sampling effects. CPC based instruments proved highly reproducible for number concentration measurements with a maximum interinstrument standard deviation of 7.5%.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/69805/
Document Type:Article
Title:Evaluation of Methods for Measuring Particulate Matter Emissions from Gas Turbines
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Petzold, AndreasDLRUNSPECIFIED
Marsh, RichardCardiff Univ. Cardiff, UKUNSPECIFIED
Johnson, MarkRolls-Royce plc, Derby, UKUNSPECIFIED
Miller, MichaelCody Technology Park, Farnborough Hants, UKUNSPECIFIED
Sevcenco, YuraCardiff Univ. Cardiff, UKUNSPECIFIED
Delhaye, DavidONERA, Chatillon, UKUNSPECIFIED
Ibrahim, AmirDLRUNSPECIFIED
Williams, PaulUniv. of Manchester, Manchester, UKUNSPECIFIED
Bauer, HeidiTU Wien, Wien, AUNSPECIFIED
Crayford, AndrewCardiff Univ. Cardiff, UKUNSPECIFIED
Bachalo, William D.Artium Technol., Sunnyvale, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Raper, DavidManchester Metropolitan Univ., Manchester, UKUNSPECIFIED
Date:2011
Journal or Publication Title:Environmental Science & Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:45
DOI :dx.doi.org/10.1021/es103969v
Page Range:pp. 3562-3568
Publisher:American Chemical society (ACS)
Status:Published
Keywords:SAMPLE, aviation, emission measurement, measurement methods, particulate matter
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics, Transport
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old), Transport System
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics, Transport
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation, V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment (old), V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Freund, Jana
Deposited On:12 May 2011 14:23
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:25

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