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Does Cognitive Lockup Depend on the Situation, on the Person, or on an Interaction of Both?

Jipp, Meike and Möhlenbrink, Christoph and Wies, Matthias and Lenz, Helge (2011) Does Cognitive Lockup Depend on the Situation, on the Person, or on an Interaction of Both? HFES 2011, 19. - 23. Sept., Las Vegas, Nevada.

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Abstract

This paper focuses on investigating (a) whether cognitive lockup can be provoked in an experimental setup in a realistic, generic cockpit simulator and (b) whether the occurrence of cognitive lockup further depends on the pilot or on an interaction between the aviation situation and the pilot. To investigate these research questions, an experiment has been conducted during which pilots aviated two scenarios. Both scenarios reflect an approach situation in which as a first event the second autopilot failed and as a second event the runway was changed. The main difference of the scenarios is the timing of the autopilot failure and the runway change: In the experimental condition, the events occurred later in time which reduced the time frame available for the briefing. While aviating, the aircraft’s maximum deviation from the specified route was recorded. Statistical analyses showed that pilots were more drawn to cognitive lockup in the situation with more time-pressure resulting in a performance degradation in the aviation task. Aviation performance was further predicted by a significant interaction between the person and the situation, which shows a need to also consider person-related variables when explaining the occurrence of cognitive lockup.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/69051/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Does Cognitive Lockup Depend on the Situation, on the Person, or on an Interaction of Both?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Jipp, MeikeMeike.Jipp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Möhlenbrink, ChristophChristoph.Moehlenbrink (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wies, MatthiasMatthias.Wies (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lenz, HelgeHelge.Lenz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2011
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Cognitive Lockup, pilot error, trait, state, Cockpit
Event Title:HFES 2011
Event Location:Las Vegas, Nevada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19. - 23. Sept.
Organizer:Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Möhlenbrink, Christoph
Deposited On:21 Jul 2011 10:48
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:47

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