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Operationalization of Learned Carelessness: An Experimental Approach

Aust, Frederik and Möhlenbrink, Christoph and Jipp, Meike (2011) Operationalization of Learned Carelessness: An Experimental Approach. HFES 2011, 19. - 23. Sept., Las Vegas, Nevada.

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Abstract

The theory of Learned Carelessness offers an explanation why humans take unnecessary risks by omitting safety precautions against better judgment. It is assumed carelessness is learned by means of operant conditioning, but em-pirical research on Learned Carelessness is scarce. To test the theory commercial aircraft pilots repeatedly checked flight plans on a multi-function display. The occurrence of errors was manipulated. Effort of check performance and risk resulting from check omission were surveyed and the rate of falsely accepted erroneous flight plans during a test phase was measured. Participants who repeatedly processed erroneous flight plans detected more errors during the test phase than participants who previously received only error-free flight plans. Checks’ effort and omission risk had no significant effect on the development of Learned Carelessness. The results suggest eliciting Learned Carelessness in controlled laboratory research is possible. Implications for future research are discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/69050/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Operationalization of Learned Carelessness: An Experimental Approach
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Aust, FrederikUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Möhlenbrink, ChristophChristoph.Moehlenbrink (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jipp, MeikeMeike.Jipp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2011
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Learned Carelessness, operant conditioning, pilot error, cockpit
Event Title:HFES 2011
Event Location:Las Vegas, Nevada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19. - 23. Sept.
Organizer:Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > Systemergonomy
Deposited By: Möhlenbrink, Christoph
Deposited On:21 Jul 2011 10:44
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:47

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