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Communication architecture of an early warning system

Angermann, Michael and Wendlandt, Kai and Guenther, Michael (2010) Communication architecture of an early warning system. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. Copernicus Publications. DOI: 10.5194/nhess-10-2215-2010 ISSN 1561-8633

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Official URL: http://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/10/2215/2010/nhess-10-2215-2010.pdf

Abstract

This article discusses aspects of communication architecture for early warning systems (EWS) in general and gives details of the specific communication architecture of an early warning system against tsunamis. While its sensors are the "eyes and ears" of a warning system and enable the system to sense physical effects, its communication links and terminals are its "nerves and mouth" which transport measurements and estimates within the system and eventually warnings towards the affected population. Designing the communication architecture of an EWS against tsunamis is particularly challenging. Its sensors are typically very heterogeneous and spread several thousand kilometers apart. They are often located in remote areas and belong to different organizations. Similarly, the geographic spread of the potentially affected population is wide. Moreover, a failure to deliver a warning has fatal consequences. Yet, the communication infrastructure is likely to be affected by the disaster itself. Based on an analysis of the criticality, vulnerability and availability of communication means, we describe the design and implementation of a communication system that employs both terrestrial and satellite communication links. We believe that many of the issues we encountered during our work in the GITEWS project (German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System, Rudloff et al., 2009) on the design and implementation communication architecture are also relevant for other types of warning systems. With this article, we intend to share our insights and lessons learned.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/68354/
Document Type:Article
Title:Communication architecture of an early warning system
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Angermann, MichaelDLRUNSPECIFIED
Wendlandt, KaiDLRUNSPECIFIED
Guenther, MichaelBMKG, GFZUNSPECIFIED
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.5194/nhess-10-2215-2010
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1561-8633
Status:Published
Keywords:communication architecture, early warning, GITEWS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - VABENE (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Communications Systems
Deposited By: Angermann, Dr.-Ing. Michael
Deposited On:13 Jan 2011 09:41
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:38

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