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Delineation of Urban Footprints from TerraSAR-X Data by Analyzing Speckle Characteristics and Intensity Information

Esch, Thomas and Thiel, Michael and Schenk, Andreas and Roth, Achim and Müller, Andreas and Dech, Stefan (2010) Delineation of Urban Footprints from TerraSAR-X Data by Analyzing Speckle Characteristics and Intensity Information. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 48 (2), pp. 905-916. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

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With a spatial resolution of up to 1m, the German radar satellite TerraSAR-X (TSX) has significantly increased the usability of spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery in the context of urban applications. This paper presents an approach toward the semiautomated detection of built-up areas (BAs) based on single-polarized TSX images. The proposed methodology includes a specific preprocessing of the SAR data and an automated image analysis procedure. The preprocessing focuses on the analysis of local speckle characteristics in order to provide a texture layer that highilghts BAs. In the context of an object-oriented image analysis, this texture layer is used along with the original intensity information to automatically extract settlements. The technique is tested on the basis of 12 TSX scenes covering representative urban agglomerations distributed throughout the world. Overall, accuracies between 76% and 96% for the derived city footprints demonstrate the high potential of both the TSX imagery and the proposed analysis approach in detecting BAs. In order to demonstrate teh robustness and transferability of the image analysis concept, we finally transferred the classification strategy from the object-oriented domain to a more general and simplified pixel-based approach.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/63117/
Document Type:Article
Title:Delineation of Urban Footprints from TerraSAR-X Data by Analyzing Speckle Characteristics and Intensity Information
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Esch, Thomasthomas.esch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Thiel, Michaelmichael.thiel (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Roth, Achimachim.roth (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Müller, Andreasandreas.mueller (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dech, Stefanstefan.dech (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2010
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 905-916
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Keywords:Built-up area, object-oriented image analysis, speckle, synthetic aperature radar (SAR), TerraSAR-X (TSX), texture
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Environment and Security
Deposited By: Schmidt, Martin
Deposited On:01 Mar 2010 08:45
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:33

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